Mobilisation and violence in the new media ecology: the Dua Khalil Aswad and Camilia Shehata cases. / al-Lami, Mina; Hoskins, Andrew; O'Loughlin, Ben.

In: Critical Studies on Terrorism, Vol. 5, No. 2, 13.06.2012, p. 237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This article examines two cases in which political groups sought to harness the new media ecology to mobilise and justify acts of violence to public audiences and to supporters. In each case, a woman's suffering is presented and instrumentalised. However, the new media ecology offers an increasingly irregular economy of media modulation: digital footage may emerge today, in a year or never, and it may emerge anywhere to anyone. The cases analysed here allow for reflection on the tension between contingency and intentionality as that irregular economy brings uncertainty for the political actors involved. Dua Khalil Aswad, an Iraqi teenager of the Yazidi faith, was stoned to death by a Yazidi mob consisting of tens of men, mostly her relatives. One Yazidi uploaded a film of the killing. This led to violent reprisals against the Yazidis. Camilia Shehata is a young Coptic Egyptian who, after allegedly converting to Islam, was returned to her church with the help of Egyptian security forces and kept in hiding despite public protests. Extremists in Iraq and Egypt seized on the Shehata case to justify violence against Christians. In both instances, the irregular emergence of digital content and its remediation through these media ecologies enabled distributed agency in ways that empowered and confounded states, terrorists and citizens.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237
Number of pages256
JournalCritical Studies on Terrorism
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2012
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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