Measuring empowerment : choices, values and norms. / Maiorano, Diego; Shrimankar, Dishil; Thapar-Bjorkert, Suruchi; Blomkvist, Hans.

In: World Development, Vol. 138, 105220, 06.11.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print

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Measuring empowerment : choices, values and norms. / Maiorano, Diego; Shrimankar, Dishil; Thapar-Bjorkert, Suruchi; Blomkvist, Hans.

In: World Development, Vol. 138, 105220, 06.11.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Maiorano, D, Shrimankar, D, Thapar-Bjorkert, S & Blomkvist, H 2020, 'Measuring empowerment: choices, values and norms', World Development, vol. 138, 105220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105220

APA

Maiorano, D., Shrimankar, D., Thapar-Bjorkert, S., & Blomkvist, H. (2020). Measuring empowerment: choices, values and norms. World Development, 138, [105220]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105220

Vancouver

Maiorano D, Shrimankar D, Thapar-Bjorkert S, Blomkvist H. Measuring empowerment: choices, values and norms. World Development. 2020 Nov 6;138. 105220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105220

Author

Maiorano, Diego ; Shrimankar, Dishil ; Thapar-Bjorkert, Suruchi ; Blomkvist, Hans. / Measuring empowerment : choices, values and norms. In: World Development. 2020 ; Vol. 138.

BibTeX

@article{4ef46886497743be9f865788091ee29c,
title = "Measuring empowerment: choices, values and norms",
abstract = "In this paper, we present a novel, survey-based method to measure people{\textquoteright}s empowerment, across different domains of their lives. The method includes three elements: i) a direct measurement of decision-making, defined as the ability to make choices; ii) a measure of whether people have reasons to value those choices; and iii) a measure of the role that prevailing social norms play in determining people{\textquoteright}s ability to make strategic life choices. We build an Empowerment score that is computed using these three elements. In the second part of the paper we, first, evaluate the effectiveness of the tool, using original survey data from India. We show that using the Empowerment score makes a substantial difference compared to a simpler (and less theoretically rigorous) score based on direct measurement of decision-making only. Second, we apply the Alkire-Foster method to compute an Empowerment index that allows for comparisons of empowerment levels across locations, contexts, social groups and time. The Empowerment score has important policy applications. It can be used as a variable in policy and programme evaluations and to identify not only those who make or do not make a certain choice, but also individuals who do not value making those choices and if they might be conforming to social norms. In this way, the tool can assist in directing government attention to work with marginalised groups in making choices they want to make rather than pressing them into making choices that they do not value.",
author = "Diego Maiorano and Dishil Shrimankar and Suruchi Thapar-Bjorkert and Hans Blomkvist",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
day = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105220",
language = "English",
volume = "138",
journal = "World Development",
issn = "0305-750X",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring empowerment

T2 - choices, values and norms

AU - Maiorano, Diego

AU - Shrimankar, Dishil

AU - Thapar-Bjorkert, Suruchi

AU - Blomkvist, Hans

PY - 2020/11/6

Y1 - 2020/11/6

N2 - In this paper, we present a novel, survey-based method to measure people’s empowerment, across different domains of their lives. The method includes three elements: i) a direct measurement of decision-making, defined as the ability to make choices; ii) a measure of whether people have reasons to value those choices; and iii) a measure of the role that prevailing social norms play in determining people’s ability to make strategic life choices. We build an Empowerment score that is computed using these three elements. In the second part of the paper we, first, evaluate the effectiveness of the tool, using original survey data from India. We show that using the Empowerment score makes a substantial difference compared to a simpler (and less theoretically rigorous) score based on direct measurement of decision-making only. Second, we apply the Alkire-Foster method to compute an Empowerment index that allows for comparisons of empowerment levels across locations, contexts, social groups and time. The Empowerment score has important policy applications. It can be used as a variable in policy and programme evaluations and to identify not only those who make or do not make a certain choice, but also individuals who do not value making those choices and if they might be conforming to social norms. In this way, the tool can assist in directing government attention to work with marginalised groups in making choices they want to make rather than pressing them into making choices that they do not value.

AB - In this paper, we present a novel, survey-based method to measure people’s empowerment, across different domains of their lives. The method includes three elements: i) a direct measurement of decision-making, defined as the ability to make choices; ii) a measure of whether people have reasons to value those choices; and iii) a measure of the role that prevailing social norms play in determining people’s ability to make strategic life choices. We build an Empowerment score that is computed using these three elements. In the second part of the paper we, first, evaluate the effectiveness of the tool, using original survey data from India. We show that using the Empowerment score makes a substantial difference compared to a simpler (and less theoretically rigorous) score based on direct measurement of decision-making only. Second, we apply the Alkire-Foster method to compute an Empowerment index that allows for comparisons of empowerment levels across locations, contexts, social groups and time. The Empowerment score has important policy applications. It can be used as a variable in policy and programme evaluations and to identify not only those who make or do not make a certain choice, but also individuals who do not value making those choices and if they might be conforming to social norms. In this way, the tool can assist in directing government attention to work with marginalised groups in making choices they want to make rather than pressing them into making choices that they do not value.

U2 - 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105220

DO - 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105220

M3 - Article

VL - 138

JO - World Development

JF - World Development

SN - 0305-750X

M1 - 105220

ER -