Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers. / Henshilwood, Christopher; van Niekerk, Karen; Wurz, Sarah; Delagnes, Anne; Armitage, Simon; Rifkin, Riaan; Douze, Katja; Keene, Petro; Haaland, Magnus; Reynard, Jerome; Discamps, Emmanuel; Mienies, Samantha.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 45, 01.05.2014, p. 284-303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers. / Henshilwood, Christopher; van Niekerk, Karen; Wurz, Sarah; Delagnes, Anne; Armitage, Simon; Rifkin, Riaan; Douze, Katja; Keene, Petro; Haaland, Magnus; Reynard, Jerome; Discamps, Emmanuel; Mienies, Samantha.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 45, 01.05.2014, p. 284-303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Henshilwood, C, van Niekerk, K, Wurz, S, Delagnes, A, Armitage, S, Rifkin, R, Douze, K, Keene, P, Haaland, M, Reynard, J, Discamps, E & Mienies, S 2014, 'Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers.', Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 45, pp. 284-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.033

APA

Henshilwood, C., van Niekerk, K., Wurz, S., Delagnes, A., Armitage, S., Rifkin, R., Douze, K., Keene, P., Haaland, M., Reynard, J., Discamps, E., & Mienies, S. (2014). Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers. Journal of Archaeological Science, 45, 284-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.033

Vancouver

Henshilwood C, van Niekerk K, Wurz S, Delagnes A, Armitage S, Rifkin R et al. Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2014 May 1;45:284-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.033

Author

Henshilwood, Christopher ; van Niekerk, Karen ; Wurz, Sarah ; Delagnes, Anne ; Armitage, Simon ; Rifkin, Riaan ; Douze, Katja ; Keene, Petro ; Haaland, Magnus ; Reynard, Jerome ; Discamps, Emmanuel ; Mienies, Samantha. / Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers. In: Journal of Archaeological Science. 2014 ; Vol. 45. pp. 284-303.

BibTeX

@article{32762f18a0f246688bd57443c077fded,
title = "Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers.",
abstract = "Surveys for archaeological sites in the De Hoop Nature Reserve, southern Cape, South Africa resulted in the discovery of a cave complex comprising two locations, Klipdrift Cave and Klipdrift Shelter. Excavations commenced in 2010 with Later Stone Age deposits initially being recovered at the former site andMiddle Stone Age deposits at the latter. The lithic component at Klipdrift Shelter is consistent with the Howiesons Poort, a technological complex recorded at a number of archaeological sites in southern Africa. The age for these deposits at Klipdrift Shelter, obtained by single grain optically stimulated luminescence, spans the period 65.5 4.8 ka to 59.4 4.6 ka. Controlled and accurate excavations of the discrete layers have resulted in the recovery of a hominin molar, marine shells, terrestrial fauna, floral remains, organic materials, hearths, lithics, ochre, and ostrich eggshell. More than 95 pieces of the latter,distributed across the layers, are engraved with diverse, abstract patterns. The preliminary results from Klipdrift Shelter presented in this report provide new insights into the Howiesons Poort in this subregion and contribute further to ongoing knowledge about the complex behaviours of early Homo sapiens in southern Africa. Excavations at the Klipdrift Complex will continue in the future.",
keywords = "Middle Stone Age, Howiesons Poort, Homo sapiens, Modern human behaviour, Coastal subsistence, Southern Africa",
author = "Christopher Henshilwood and {van Niekerk}, Karen and Sarah Wurz and Anne Delagnes and Simon Armitage and Riaan Rifkin and Katja Douze and Petro Keene and Magnus Haaland and Jerome Reynard and Emmanuel Discamps and Samantha Mienies",
year = "2014",
month = may,
day = "1",
doi = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.033",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "284--303",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
issn = "0305-4403",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa: preliminary report on the Howiesons Poort layers.

AU - Henshilwood, Christopher

AU - van Niekerk, Karen

AU - Wurz, Sarah

AU - Delagnes, Anne

AU - Armitage, Simon

AU - Rifkin, Riaan

AU - Douze, Katja

AU - Keene, Petro

AU - Haaland, Magnus

AU - Reynard, Jerome

AU - Discamps, Emmanuel

AU - Mienies, Samantha

PY - 2014/5/1

Y1 - 2014/5/1

N2 - Surveys for archaeological sites in the De Hoop Nature Reserve, southern Cape, South Africa resulted in the discovery of a cave complex comprising two locations, Klipdrift Cave and Klipdrift Shelter. Excavations commenced in 2010 with Later Stone Age deposits initially being recovered at the former site andMiddle Stone Age deposits at the latter. The lithic component at Klipdrift Shelter is consistent with the Howiesons Poort, a technological complex recorded at a number of archaeological sites in southern Africa. The age for these deposits at Klipdrift Shelter, obtained by single grain optically stimulated luminescence, spans the period 65.5 4.8 ka to 59.4 4.6 ka. Controlled and accurate excavations of the discrete layers have resulted in the recovery of a hominin molar, marine shells, terrestrial fauna, floral remains, organic materials, hearths, lithics, ochre, and ostrich eggshell. More than 95 pieces of the latter,distributed across the layers, are engraved with diverse, abstract patterns. The preliminary results from Klipdrift Shelter presented in this report provide new insights into the Howiesons Poort in this subregion and contribute further to ongoing knowledge about the complex behaviours of early Homo sapiens in southern Africa. Excavations at the Klipdrift Complex will continue in the future.

AB - Surveys for archaeological sites in the De Hoop Nature Reserve, southern Cape, South Africa resulted in the discovery of a cave complex comprising two locations, Klipdrift Cave and Klipdrift Shelter. Excavations commenced in 2010 with Later Stone Age deposits initially being recovered at the former site andMiddle Stone Age deposits at the latter. The lithic component at Klipdrift Shelter is consistent with the Howiesons Poort, a technological complex recorded at a number of archaeological sites in southern Africa. The age for these deposits at Klipdrift Shelter, obtained by single grain optically stimulated luminescence, spans the period 65.5 4.8 ka to 59.4 4.6 ka. Controlled and accurate excavations of the discrete layers have resulted in the recovery of a hominin molar, marine shells, terrestrial fauna, floral remains, organic materials, hearths, lithics, ochre, and ostrich eggshell. More than 95 pieces of the latter,distributed across the layers, are engraved with diverse, abstract patterns. The preliminary results from Klipdrift Shelter presented in this report provide new insights into the Howiesons Poort in this subregion and contribute further to ongoing knowledge about the complex behaviours of early Homo sapiens in southern Africa. Excavations at the Klipdrift Complex will continue in the future.

KW - Middle Stone Age

KW - Howiesons Poort

KW - Homo sapiens

KW - Modern human behaviour

KW - Coastal subsistence

KW - Southern Africa

U2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.033

DO - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.01.033

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 284

EP - 303

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science

SN - 0305-4403

ER -