Incumbency and the Disruptive Regulator: The Case of Electric Vehicles in California. / Pilkington, Alan; Dyerson, Romano.

In: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2004, p. 339-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Incumbency and the Disruptive Regulator: The Case of Electric Vehicles in California. / Pilkington, Alan; Dyerson, Romano.

In: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2004, p. 339-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Pilkington, A & Dyerson, R 2004, 'Incumbency and the Disruptive Regulator: The Case of Electric Vehicles in California', International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 339-354.

APA

Pilkington, A., & Dyerson, R. (2004). Incumbency and the Disruptive Regulator: The Case of Electric Vehicles in California. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 8(4), 339-354.

Vancouver

Pilkington A, Dyerson R. Incumbency and the Disruptive Regulator: The Case of Electric Vehicles in California. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management. 2004;8(4):339-354.

Author

Pilkington, Alan ; Dyerson, Romano. / Incumbency and the Disruptive Regulator: The Case of Electric Vehicles in California. In: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management. 2004 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 339-354.

BibTeX

@article{0827400f0b3a4e4ba2107690684ea0ad,
title = "Incumbency and the Disruptive Regulator: The Case of Electric Vehicles in California",
abstract = "For much of the past century, the automobile sector has been dominated by a handful of oligopolistic firms, protected through path dependencies and the build up of complementary assets. But that very dominance built upon years of experience and translated into the periodic release of incrementally innovative new car designs, may now be threatened by the actions of regulators in California and elsewhere, in mandating emission friendly cars. The biggest challenge in this area has been the demand for zero emission vehicles resulting from Californian regulations. Zero emission legislation mandates the use of technologies radically different from those used in the development of internal combustion engines. Such technology acts in a disruptive manner on the existing skills base of the automobile firms, negating some of the benefits of incumbency. With little or no experience of the systems needed to develop a viable electric vehicle - batteries, electric motors and controllers - the established automobile manufacturers have struggled with a strategic question: how to incorporate disruptive elements into a mature organisation. This paper explores the nature of the regulatory threat and the strategic responses generated by the automobile firms. %Z article",
keywords = "best-practice, bibliometrics, bibtex-import, cell, electric-vehicle, fuel, global, innovation, alignment, local, management, manufacturing, patent, portfolio, strategies, technology",
author = "Alan Pilkington and Romano Dyerson",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "339--354",
journal = "International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Incumbency and the Disruptive Regulator: The Case of Electric Vehicles in California

AU - Pilkington, Alan

AU - Dyerson, Romano

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - For much of the past century, the automobile sector has been dominated by a handful of oligopolistic firms, protected through path dependencies and the build up of complementary assets. But that very dominance built upon years of experience and translated into the periodic release of incrementally innovative new car designs, may now be threatened by the actions of regulators in California and elsewhere, in mandating emission friendly cars. The biggest challenge in this area has been the demand for zero emission vehicles resulting from Californian regulations. Zero emission legislation mandates the use of technologies radically different from those used in the development of internal combustion engines. Such technology acts in a disruptive manner on the existing skills base of the automobile firms, negating some of the benefits of incumbency. With little or no experience of the systems needed to develop a viable electric vehicle - batteries, electric motors and controllers - the established automobile manufacturers have struggled with a strategic question: how to incorporate disruptive elements into a mature organisation. This paper explores the nature of the regulatory threat and the strategic responses generated by the automobile firms. %Z article

AB - For much of the past century, the automobile sector has been dominated by a handful of oligopolistic firms, protected through path dependencies and the build up of complementary assets. But that very dominance built upon years of experience and translated into the periodic release of incrementally innovative new car designs, may now be threatened by the actions of regulators in California and elsewhere, in mandating emission friendly cars. The biggest challenge in this area has been the demand for zero emission vehicles resulting from Californian regulations. Zero emission legislation mandates the use of technologies radically different from those used in the development of internal combustion engines. Such technology acts in a disruptive manner on the existing skills base of the automobile firms, negating some of the benefits of incumbency. With little or no experience of the systems needed to develop a viable electric vehicle - batteries, electric motors and controllers - the established automobile manufacturers have struggled with a strategic question: how to incorporate disruptive elements into a mature organisation. This paper explores the nature of the regulatory threat and the strategic responses generated by the automobile firms. %Z article

KW - best-practice, bibliometrics, bibtex-import, cell, electric-vehicle, fuel, global, innovation, alignment, local, management, manufacturing, patent, portfolio, strategies, technology

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 339

EP - 354

JO - International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management

JF - International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management

IS - 4

ER -