How the deployment of visual attention modulates auditory distraction. / Marsh, John E; Campbell, Tom A; Taylor, Paul J; Vachon, Francois; *Hughes , R.W.

In: Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, Vol. 82, 2020, p. 350–362.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published

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How the deployment of visual attention modulates auditory distraction. / Marsh, John E; Campbell, Tom A; Taylor, Paul J; Vachon, Francois; *Hughes , R.W.

In: Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, Vol. 82, 2020, p. 350–362.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Marsh, JE, Campbell, TA, Taylor, PJ, Vachon, F & *Hughes , RW 2020, 'How the deployment of visual attention modulates auditory distraction', Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, vol. 82, pp. 350–362. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01800-w

APA

Marsh, J. E., Campbell, T. A., Taylor, P. J., Vachon, F., & *Hughes , R. W. (2020). How the deployment of visual attention modulates auditory distraction. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 82, 350–362. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01800-w

Vancouver

Marsh JE, Campbell TA, Taylor PJ, Vachon F, *Hughes RW. How the deployment of visual attention modulates auditory distraction. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. 2020;82:350–362. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01800-w

Author

Marsh, John E ; Campbell, Tom A ; Taylor, Paul J ; Vachon, Francois ; *Hughes , R.W. / How the deployment of visual attention modulates auditory distraction. In: Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. 2020 ; Vol. 82. pp. 350–362.

BibTeX

@article{fea71a0b39ff4dc8be460ab4396c0a44,
title = "How the deployment of visual attention modulates auditory distraction",
abstract = "Classically, attentional selectivity has been conceptualized as a passive by-product of capacity-limits on stimulus-processing. Here, we examine the role of more active cognitive control processes in attentional selectivity, focusing on how distraction from task-irrelevant sound is modulated by levels of task-engagement in a visually-presented short-term memory task. Task-engagement was varied by manipulating the load involved in the encoding of the (visually-presented) to-be-remembered items. Using a list of Navon letters (where a largeletter is composed of smaller, different-identity, letters), participants were oriented to attend and serially recall the list of large letters (low encoding-load) or to attend and serially recall the list of small letters (high encoding-load). Attentional capture by a single deviant noise-burst within a task-irrelevant tone sequence (the deviation effect) was eliminated under high encoding-load (Experiment 1). However, distraction from a continuously changing sequence of tones (the changing-state effect) was immune to the influence of load (Experiment 2). This dissociation in the amenability of the deviation effect and the changing-state effect to cognitive control supports a duplex- over a unitary-mechanism account of auditory distraction in which the deviation effect is due to attentional capture while the changing-state effect reflects direct interference between the processing of the sound and processes involved in the focal task. That the changing-state effect survives high encoding-load also goes against an alternative explanation of the attenuation of the deviation effect under high load in terms of the depletion of a limited perceptual resource that would result in diminished auditory processing.",
author = "Marsh, {John E} and Campbell, {Tom A} and Taylor, {Paul J} and Francois Vachon and R.W. *Hughes",
note = "*joint 1st author",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.3758/s13414-019-01800-w",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "350–362",
journal = "Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics",
issn = "1943-3921",
publisher = "Psychonomic Society Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - How the deployment of visual attention modulates auditory distraction

AU - Marsh, John E

AU - Campbell, Tom A

AU - Taylor, Paul J

AU - Vachon, Francois

AU - Hughes , R.W.

N1 - *joint 1st author

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Classically, attentional selectivity has been conceptualized as a passive by-product of capacity-limits on stimulus-processing. Here, we examine the role of more active cognitive control processes in attentional selectivity, focusing on how distraction from task-irrelevant sound is modulated by levels of task-engagement in a visually-presented short-term memory task. Task-engagement was varied by manipulating the load involved in the encoding of the (visually-presented) to-be-remembered items. Using a list of Navon letters (where a largeletter is composed of smaller, different-identity, letters), participants were oriented to attend and serially recall the list of large letters (low encoding-load) or to attend and serially recall the list of small letters (high encoding-load). Attentional capture by a single deviant noise-burst within a task-irrelevant tone sequence (the deviation effect) was eliminated under high encoding-load (Experiment 1). However, distraction from a continuously changing sequence of tones (the changing-state effect) was immune to the influence of load (Experiment 2). This dissociation in the amenability of the deviation effect and the changing-state effect to cognitive control supports a duplex- over a unitary-mechanism account of auditory distraction in which the deviation effect is due to attentional capture while the changing-state effect reflects direct interference between the processing of the sound and processes involved in the focal task. That the changing-state effect survives high encoding-load also goes against an alternative explanation of the attenuation of the deviation effect under high load in terms of the depletion of a limited perceptual resource that would result in diminished auditory processing.

AB - Classically, attentional selectivity has been conceptualized as a passive by-product of capacity-limits on stimulus-processing. Here, we examine the role of more active cognitive control processes in attentional selectivity, focusing on how distraction from task-irrelevant sound is modulated by levels of task-engagement in a visually-presented short-term memory task. Task-engagement was varied by manipulating the load involved in the encoding of the (visually-presented) to-be-remembered items. Using a list of Navon letters (where a largeletter is composed of smaller, different-identity, letters), participants were oriented to attend and serially recall the list of large letters (low encoding-load) or to attend and serially recall the list of small letters (high encoding-load). Attentional capture by a single deviant noise-burst within a task-irrelevant tone sequence (the deviation effect) was eliminated under high encoding-load (Experiment 1). However, distraction from a continuously changing sequence of tones (the changing-state effect) was immune to the influence of load (Experiment 2). This dissociation in the amenability of the deviation effect and the changing-state effect to cognitive control supports a duplex- over a unitary-mechanism account of auditory distraction in which the deviation effect is due to attentional capture while the changing-state effect reflects direct interference between the processing of the sound and processes involved in the focal task. That the changing-state effect survives high encoding-load also goes against an alternative explanation of the attenuation of the deviation effect under high load in terms of the depletion of a limited perceptual resource that would result in diminished auditory processing.

U2 - 10.3758/s13414-019-01800-w

DO - 10.3758/s13414-019-01800-w

M3 - Article

VL - 82

SP - 350

EP - 362

JO - Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics

JF - Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics

SN - 1943-3921

ER -