Getting the Cocktail Party Started : Masking Effects in Speech Perception. / Evans, Samuel; McGettigan, Carolyn; Agnew, Zarinah K.; Rosen, Stuart; Scott, Sophie K.

In: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol. 28, No. 3, 03.2016, p. 483-500.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published

Standard

Getting the Cocktail Party Started : Masking Effects in Speech Perception. / Evans, Samuel; McGettigan, Carolyn; Agnew, Zarinah K.; Rosen, Stuart; Scott, Sophie K.

In: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol. 28, No. 3, 03.2016, p. 483-500.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Evans, S, McGettigan, C, Agnew, ZK, Rosen, S & Scott, SK 2016, 'Getting the Cocktail Party Started: Masking Effects in Speech Perception', Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 483-500. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_00913

APA

Evans, S., McGettigan, C., Agnew, Z. K., Rosen, S., & Scott, S. K. (2016). Getting the Cocktail Party Started: Masking Effects in Speech Perception. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28(3), 483-500. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_00913

Vancouver

Evans S, McGettigan C, Agnew ZK, Rosen S, Scott SK. Getting the Cocktail Party Started: Masking Effects in Speech Perception. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 2016 Mar;28(3):483-500. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_00913

Author

Evans, Samuel ; McGettigan, Carolyn ; Agnew, Zarinah K. ; Rosen, Stuart ; Scott, Sophie K. / Getting the Cocktail Party Started : Masking Effects in Speech Perception. In: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 2016 ; Vol. 28, No. 3. pp. 483-500.

BibTeX

@article{e6e7d301aedd47cba5bf6f36fbbbfb40,
title = "Getting the Cocktail Party Started: Masking Effects in Speech Perception",
abstract = "Spoken conversations typically take place in noisy environments, and different kinds of masking sounds place differing demands on cognitive resources. Previous studies, examining the modulation of neural activity associated with the properties of competing sounds, have shown that additional speech streams engage the superior temporal gyrus. However, the absence of a condition in which target speech was heard without additional masking made it difficult to identify brain networks specific to masking and to ascertain the extent to which competing speech was processed equivalently to target speech. In this study, we scanned young healthy adults with continuous fMRI, while they listened to stories masked by sounds that differed in their similarity to speech. We show that auditory attention and control networks are activated during attentive listening to masked speech in the absence of an overt behavioral task. We demonstrate that competing speech is processed predominantly in the left hemisphere within the same pathway as target speech but is not treated equivalently within that stream and that individuals who perform better in speech in noise tasks activate the left mid-posterior superior temporal gyrus more. Finally, we identify neural responses associated with the onset of sounds in the auditory environment; activity was found within right lateralized frontal regions consistent with a phasic alerting response. Taken together, these results provide a comprehensive account of the neural processes involved in listening in noise.",
author = "Samuel Evans and Carolyn McGettigan and Agnew, {Zarinah K.} and Stuart Rosen and Scott, {Sophie K.}",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1162/jocn_a_00913",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "483--500",
journal = "Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience",
issn = "0898-929X",
publisher = "MIT Press Journals",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Getting the Cocktail Party Started

T2 - Masking Effects in Speech Perception

AU - Evans, Samuel

AU - McGettigan, Carolyn

AU - Agnew, Zarinah K.

AU - Rosen, Stuart

AU - Scott, Sophie K.

PY - 2016/3

Y1 - 2016/3

N2 - Spoken conversations typically take place in noisy environments, and different kinds of masking sounds place differing demands on cognitive resources. Previous studies, examining the modulation of neural activity associated with the properties of competing sounds, have shown that additional speech streams engage the superior temporal gyrus. However, the absence of a condition in which target speech was heard without additional masking made it difficult to identify brain networks specific to masking and to ascertain the extent to which competing speech was processed equivalently to target speech. In this study, we scanned young healthy adults with continuous fMRI, while they listened to stories masked by sounds that differed in their similarity to speech. We show that auditory attention and control networks are activated during attentive listening to masked speech in the absence of an overt behavioral task. We demonstrate that competing speech is processed predominantly in the left hemisphere within the same pathway as target speech but is not treated equivalently within that stream and that individuals who perform better in speech in noise tasks activate the left mid-posterior superior temporal gyrus more. Finally, we identify neural responses associated with the onset of sounds in the auditory environment; activity was found within right lateralized frontal regions consistent with a phasic alerting response. Taken together, these results provide a comprehensive account of the neural processes involved in listening in noise.

AB - Spoken conversations typically take place in noisy environments, and different kinds of masking sounds place differing demands on cognitive resources. Previous studies, examining the modulation of neural activity associated with the properties of competing sounds, have shown that additional speech streams engage the superior temporal gyrus. However, the absence of a condition in which target speech was heard without additional masking made it difficult to identify brain networks specific to masking and to ascertain the extent to which competing speech was processed equivalently to target speech. In this study, we scanned young healthy adults with continuous fMRI, while they listened to stories masked by sounds that differed in their similarity to speech. We show that auditory attention and control networks are activated during attentive listening to masked speech in the absence of an overt behavioral task. We demonstrate that competing speech is processed predominantly in the left hemisphere within the same pathway as target speech but is not treated equivalently within that stream and that individuals who perform better in speech in noise tasks activate the left mid-posterior superior temporal gyrus more. Finally, we identify neural responses associated with the onset of sounds in the auditory environment; activity was found within right lateralized frontal regions consistent with a phasic alerting response. Taken together, these results provide a comprehensive account of the neural processes involved in listening in noise.

U2 - 10.1162/jocn_a_00913

DO - 10.1162/jocn_a_00913

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 483

EP - 500

JO - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience

JF - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience

SN - 0898-929X

IS - 3

ER -