Fen ecosystem responses to water-level fluctuations during the early and middle Holocene in central Europe: a case study from Wilczkow, Poland. / PŁOCIENNIK, MATEUSZ; KRUK, ANDRZEJ ; Forysiak, Jacek; PAWŁOWSKI, DOMINIK; MIANOWICZ, KAMILA ; Elias, Scott; BOROWKA, RYSZARD ; KLOSS , MAREK ; OBREMSKA, MILENA ; Coope, Russell; KRAZPIEC, MAREK ; KITTEL, PIOTR; ZUREK, SŁAWOMIR .

In: Boreas: an International Journal of Quaternary Research, Vol. 44, No. 1, 01.10.2015, p. 721-740.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Fen ecosystem responses to water-level fluctuations during the early and middle Holocene in central Europe: a case study from Wilczkow, Poland. / PŁOCIENNIK, MATEUSZ; KRUK, ANDRZEJ ; Forysiak, Jacek; PAWŁOWSKI, DOMINIK; MIANOWICZ, KAMILA ; Elias, Scott; BOROWKA, RYSZARD ; KLOSS , MAREK ; OBREMSKA, MILENA ; Coope, Russell; KRAZPIEC, MAREK ; KITTEL, PIOTR; ZUREK, SŁAWOMIR .

In: Boreas: an International Journal of Quaternary Research, Vol. 44, No. 1, 01.10.2015, p. 721-740.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

PŁOCIENNIK, MATEUSZ, KRUK, ANDRZEJ, Forysiak, J, PAWŁOWSKI, DOMINIK, MIANOWICZ, KAMILA, Elias, S, BOROWKA, RYSZARD, KLOSS , MAREK, OBREMSKA, MILENA, Coope, R, KRAZPIEC, MAREK, KITTEL, PIOTR & ZUREK, SŁAWOMIR 2015, 'Fen ecosystem responses to water-level fluctuations during the early and middle Holocene in central Europe: a case study from Wilczkow, Poland', Boreas: an International Journal of Quaternary Research, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 721-740. https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12129

APA

PŁOCIENNIK, MATEUSZ., KRUK, ANDRZEJ., Forysiak, J., PAWŁOWSKI, DOMINIK., MIANOWICZ, KAMILA., Elias, S., BOROWKA, RYSZARD., KLOSS , MAREK., OBREMSKA, MILENA., Coope, R., KRAZPIEC, MAREK., KITTEL, PIOTR., & ZUREK, SŁAWOMIR. (2015). Fen ecosystem responses to water-level fluctuations during the early and middle Holocene in central Europe: a case study from Wilczkow, Poland. Boreas: an International Journal of Quaternary Research, 44(1), 721-740. https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12129

Vancouver

PŁOCIENNIK MATEUSZ, KRUK ANDRZEJ, Forysiak J, PAWŁOWSKI DOMINIK, MIANOWICZ KAMILA, Elias S et al. Fen ecosystem responses to water-level fluctuations during the early and middle Holocene in central Europe: a case study from Wilczkow, Poland. Boreas: an International Journal of Quaternary Research. 2015 Oct 1;44(1):721-740. https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12129

Author

PŁOCIENNIK, MATEUSZ ; KRUK, ANDRZEJ ; Forysiak, Jacek ; PAWŁOWSKI, DOMINIK ; MIANOWICZ, KAMILA ; Elias, Scott ; BOROWKA, RYSZARD ; KLOSS , MAREK ; OBREMSKA, MILENA ; Coope, Russell ; KRAZPIEC, MAREK ; KITTEL, PIOTR ; ZUREK, SŁAWOMIR . / Fen ecosystem responses to water-level fluctuations during the early and middle Holocene in central Europe: a case study from Wilczkow, Poland. In: Boreas: an International Journal of Quaternary Research. 2015 ; Vol. 44, No. 1. pp. 721-740.

BibTeX

@article{305f651be4a344e2bbc3ee1c3801c5cb,
title = "Fen ecosystem responses to water-level fluctuations during the early and middle Holocene in central Europe: a case study from Wilczkow, Poland",
abstract = "in an inactive valley at the onset of the Holocene (~11 ka BP) and peat accumulation lasted until 5.7 ka BP. Multiproxy reconstructions were made on the basis of palaeobotanical, cladoceran, chironomid, beetle and geochemicalanalyses. A Kohonen self-organizing map (SOM, unsupervised artificial neural network) of the biotic sequence distinguished four stages of fen history. Stage X1 (11.0–10.7 ka BP) was relatively wet and cool. Organic matter started to accumulate but the habitat conditions remained unstable. Moss, sedge and fern communities then developed. Sedimentary changes reveal an intensive groundwater supply at that time. Numerous and diverse chironomid and cladoceran subfossils indicate nearly permanent aquatic conditions. During stage Y1 (10.6–9.2 ka BP) conditions were dry and the upper peat layer desiccated. Cladocera nearly disappeared whereas chironomids were represented by semi-terrestrial and predatory (Tanypodinae) species. Conditions started to be more reducing. All the remaining samples belonged to the interweaving stages X2 and Y2. Stage Y2 (mostly 9.1–7.3 and 6.0–5.7 ka BP) was also dry but humidity increased towards the top. Oxidizing conditions occurred and the pH became more alkaline, favouring Cladium mariscus. The basin received mostly allochthonous matter input at that time. Stage X2 (mostly 6.8–6.1 ka BP) was humid and warm. The groundwater supply remained low but there was an increase in precipitation, changing local conditions to ombrotrophic. Species-rich chironomid and cladoceran communities were associated with temporary pools. Finally, conditions returned to those characteristic of stage Y2. The presented reconstruction documents long-term abiotic and biotic changes determined by water supply, including groundwater outflow, which have rarely been detected at a multi-proxy scale. We show that inactivated valley fensare sensitive to climate-driven hydrological fluctuations. Kohonen neural networks appear to be a promising method for analysing variability in multi-proxy data.",
keywords = "mid-Hololcene, Wilczkow, Poland, palaeoecology",
author = "MATEUSZ P{\L}OCIENNIK and ANDRZEJ KRUK and Jacek Forysiak and DOMINIK PAW{\L}OWSKI and KAMILA MIANOWICZ and Scott Elias and RYSZARD BOROWKA and MAREK KLOSS and MILENA OBREMSKA and Russell Coope and MAREK KRAZPIEC and PIOTR KITTEL and S{\L}AWOMIR ZUREK",
year = "2015",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/bor.12129",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "721--740",
journal = "Boreas: an International Journal of Quaternary Research",
issn = "0300-9483",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fen ecosystem responses to water-level fluctuations during the early and middle Holocene in central Europe: a case study from Wilczkow, Poland

AU - PŁOCIENNIK, MATEUSZ

AU - KRUK, ANDRZEJ

AU - Forysiak, Jacek

AU - PAWŁOWSKI, DOMINIK

AU - MIANOWICZ, KAMILA

AU - Elias, Scott

AU - BOROWKA, RYSZARD

AU - KLOSS , MAREK

AU - OBREMSKA, MILENA

AU - Coope, Russell

AU - KRAZPIEC, MAREK

AU - KITTEL, PIOTR

AU - ZUREK, SŁAWOMIR

PY - 2015/10/1

Y1 - 2015/10/1

N2 - in an inactive valley at the onset of the Holocene (~11 ka BP) and peat accumulation lasted until 5.7 ka BP. Multiproxy reconstructions were made on the basis of palaeobotanical, cladoceran, chironomid, beetle and geochemicalanalyses. A Kohonen self-organizing map (SOM, unsupervised artificial neural network) of the biotic sequence distinguished four stages of fen history. Stage X1 (11.0–10.7 ka BP) was relatively wet and cool. Organic matter started to accumulate but the habitat conditions remained unstable. Moss, sedge and fern communities then developed. Sedimentary changes reveal an intensive groundwater supply at that time. Numerous and diverse chironomid and cladoceran subfossils indicate nearly permanent aquatic conditions. During stage Y1 (10.6–9.2 ka BP) conditions were dry and the upper peat layer desiccated. Cladocera nearly disappeared whereas chironomids were represented by semi-terrestrial and predatory (Tanypodinae) species. Conditions started to be more reducing. All the remaining samples belonged to the interweaving stages X2 and Y2. Stage Y2 (mostly 9.1–7.3 and 6.0–5.7 ka BP) was also dry but humidity increased towards the top. Oxidizing conditions occurred and the pH became more alkaline, favouring Cladium mariscus. The basin received mostly allochthonous matter input at that time. Stage X2 (mostly 6.8–6.1 ka BP) was humid and warm. The groundwater supply remained low but there was an increase in precipitation, changing local conditions to ombrotrophic. Species-rich chironomid and cladoceran communities were associated with temporary pools. Finally, conditions returned to those characteristic of stage Y2. The presented reconstruction documents long-term abiotic and biotic changes determined by water supply, including groundwater outflow, which have rarely been detected at a multi-proxy scale. We show that inactivated valley fensare sensitive to climate-driven hydrological fluctuations. Kohonen neural networks appear to be a promising method for analysing variability in multi-proxy data.

AB - in an inactive valley at the onset of the Holocene (~11 ka BP) and peat accumulation lasted until 5.7 ka BP. Multiproxy reconstructions were made on the basis of palaeobotanical, cladoceran, chironomid, beetle and geochemicalanalyses. A Kohonen self-organizing map (SOM, unsupervised artificial neural network) of the biotic sequence distinguished four stages of fen history. Stage X1 (11.0–10.7 ka BP) was relatively wet and cool. Organic matter started to accumulate but the habitat conditions remained unstable. Moss, sedge and fern communities then developed. Sedimentary changes reveal an intensive groundwater supply at that time. Numerous and diverse chironomid and cladoceran subfossils indicate nearly permanent aquatic conditions. During stage Y1 (10.6–9.2 ka BP) conditions were dry and the upper peat layer desiccated. Cladocera nearly disappeared whereas chironomids were represented by semi-terrestrial and predatory (Tanypodinae) species. Conditions started to be more reducing. All the remaining samples belonged to the interweaving stages X2 and Y2. Stage Y2 (mostly 9.1–7.3 and 6.0–5.7 ka BP) was also dry but humidity increased towards the top. Oxidizing conditions occurred and the pH became more alkaline, favouring Cladium mariscus. The basin received mostly allochthonous matter input at that time. Stage X2 (mostly 6.8–6.1 ka BP) was humid and warm. The groundwater supply remained low but there was an increase in precipitation, changing local conditions to ombrotrophic. Species-rich chironomid and cladoceran communities were associated with temporary pools. Finally, conditions returned to those characteristic of stage Y2. The presented reconstruction documents long-term abiotic and biotic changes determined by water supply, including groundwater outflow, which have rarely been detected at a multi-proxy scale. We show that inactivated valley fensare sensitive to climate-driven hydrological fluctuations. Kohonen neural networks appear to be a promising method for analysing variability in multi-proxy data.

KW - mid-Hololcene

KW - Wilczkow

KW - Poland

KW - palaeoecology

U2 - 10.1111/bor.12129

DO - 10.1111/bor.12129

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 721

EP - 740

JO - Boreas: an International Journal of Quaternary Research

JF - Boreas: an International Journal of Quaternary Research

SN - 0300-9483

IS - 1

ER -