Factors Influencing Antibiotic Prescribing Behavior and Understanding of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Veterinarians in Assam, India. / El-Tholth, Mahmoud; Govindaraj, Gurrappanaidu; Das, Banani; Shanabhoga, M.B. ; Swamy, H.M; Thomas, Abin; Cole, Jennifer; Shome, Bibek; Holmes, Mark; Moran, Dominic.

In: Frontiers in Veterinary Science, Vol. 9, No. 864813, 864813, 26.04.2022, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Factors Influencing Antibiotic Prescribing Behavior and Understanding of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Veterinarians in Assam, India. / El-Tholth, Mahmoud; Govindaraj, Gurrappanaidu; Das, Banani; Shanabhoga, M.B. ; Swamy, H.M; Thomas, Abin; Cole, Jennifer; Shome, Bibek; Holmes, Mark; Moran, Dominic.

In: Frontiers in Veterinary Science, Vol. 9, No. 864813, 864813, 26.04.2022, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

El-Tholth, M, Govindaraj, G, Das, B, Shanabhoga, MB, Swamy, HM, Thomas, A, Cole, J, Shome, B, Holmes, M & Moran, D 2022, 'Factors Influencing Antibiotic Prescribing Behavior and Understanding of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Veterinarians in Assam, India', Frontiers in Veterinary Science, vol. 9, no. 864813, 864813, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.864813

APA

El-Tholth, M., Govindaraj, G., Das, B., Shanabhoga, M. B., Swamy, H. M., Thomas, A., Cole, J., Shome, B., Holmes, M., & Moran, D. (2022). Factors Influencing Antibiotic Prescribing Behavior and Understanding of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Veterinarians in Assam, India. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 9(864813), 1-13. [864813]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.864813

Vancouver

El-Tholth M, Govindaraj G, Das B, Shanabhoga MB, Swamy HM, Thomas A et al. Factors Influencing Antibiotic Prescribing Behavior and Understanding of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Veterinarians in Assam, India. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2022 Apr 26;9(864813):1-13. 864813. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.864813

Author

El-Tholth, Mahmoud ; Govindaraj, Gurrappanaidu ; Das, Banani ; Shanabhoga, M.B. ; Swamy, H.M ; Thomas, Abin ; Cole, Jennifer ; Shome, Bibek ; Holmes, Mark ; Moran, Dominic. / Factors Influencing Antibiotic Prescribing Behavior and Understanding of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Veterinarians in Assam, India. In: Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 2022 ; Vol. 9, No. 864813. pp. 1-13.

BibTeX

@article{595116123b354b2bbf93bdd23af5b148,
title = "Factors Influencing Antibiotic Prescribing Behavior and Understanding of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Veterinarians in Assam, India",
abstract = "This study investigates factors influencing veterinarians{\textquoteright} antibiotic prescribing behaviors and their understanding of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The study used a telephone survey of 50 veterinarians conducted in five districts in Assam state, India. The survey sought information on the most prevalent animal diseases, veterinarians{\textquoteright} awareness of potential preventive measures, including factors determining antimicrobial prescribing; the types of antimicrobials used for different health conditions in different species, and possible options to reduce antimicrobial use (AMU). The majority (86%) of respondents worked for the government, 98% reported having no written policy for the use of veterinary health products, and 58% have no on-site diagnostic facilities. Ceftriaxone, Enrofloxacin, and Oxytetracycline were the antibiotics (ABX) most frequently prescribed, by 76, 68, and 54% of veterinarians, respectively. These ABX were prescribed mainly for respiratory health problems and mastitis in cattle, and gastrointestinal infections in buffaloes, sheep, goat, and pigs. Severity of clinical symptoms, economic status of the livestock owner, and withdrawal period for ABX were ranked as very important factors for giving ABX. Less than two thirds (64%) were aware of the government ban for Colistin and only 2% were aware of a national plan for AMR. This study highlighted that ABX prescription is mostly based on tentative diagnosis given the lack of diagnostic facilities in most veterinary clinics. There is a need to enhance veterinary healthcare and to improve communication between policy makers and field veterinarians and, importantly, a needto disseminate clear prescribing guidelines on prudent AMU.",
keywords = "anitbiotics, antibiotic resistance, livestock, veterinarians, prescribing, behaviour",
author = "Mahmoud El-Tholth and Gurrappanaidu Govindaraj and Banani Das and M.B. Shanabhoga and H.M Swamy and Abin Thomas and Jennifer Cole and Bibek Shome and Mark Holmes and Dominic Moran",
year = "2022",
month = apr,
day = "26",
doi = "10.3389/fvets.2022.864813",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Frontiers in Veterinary Science",
issn = "2297-1769",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",
number = "864813",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors Influencing Antibiotic Prescribing Behavior and Understanding of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Veterinarians in Assam, India

AU - El-Tholth, Mahmoud

AU - Govindaraj, Gurrappanaidu

AU - Das, Banani

AU - Shanabhoga, M.B.

AU - Swamy, H.M

AU - Thomas, Abin

AU - Cole, Jennifer

AU - Shome, Bibek

AU - Holmes, Mark

AU - Moran, Dominic

PY - 2022/4/26

Y1 - 2022/4/26

N2 - This study investigates factors influencing veterinarians’ antibiotic prescribing behaviors and their understanding of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The study used a telephone survey of 50 veterinarians conducted in five districts in Assam state, India. The survey sought information on the most prevalent animal diseases, veterinarians’ awareness of potential preventive measures, including factors determining antimicrobial prescribing; the types of antimicrobials used for different health conditions in different species, and possible options to reduce antimicrobial use (AMU). The majority (86%) of respondents worked for the government, 98% reported having no written policy for the use of veterinary health products, and 58% have no on-site diagnostic facilities. Ceftriaxone, Enrofloxacin, and Oxytetracycline were the antibiotics (ABX) most frequently prescribed, by 76, 68, and 54% of veterinarians, respectively. These ABX were prescribed mainly for respiratory health problems and mastitis in cattle, and gastrointestinal infections in buffaloes, sheep, goat, and pigs. Severity of clinical symptoms, economic status of the livestock owner, and withdrawal period for ABX were ranked as very important factors for giving ABX. Less than two thirds (64%) were aware of the government ban for Colistin and only 2% were aware of a national plan for AMR. This study highlighted that ABX prescription is mostly based on tentative diagnosis given the lack of diagnostic facilities in most veterinary clinics. There is a need to enhance veterinary healthcare and to improve communication between policy makers and field veterinarians and, importantly, a needto disseminate clear prescribing guidelines on prudent AMU.

AB - This study investigates factors influencing veterinarians’ antibiotic prescribing behaviors and their understanding of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The study used a telephone survey of 50 veterinarians conducted in five districts in Assam state, India. The survey sought information on the most prevalent animal diseases, veterinarians’ awareness of potential preventive measures, including factors determining antimicrobial prescribing; the types of antimicrobials used for different health conditions in different species, and possible options to reduce antimicrobial use (AMU). The majority (86%) of respondents worked for the government, 98% reported having no written policy for the use of veterinary health products, and 58% have no on-site diagnostic facilities. Ceftriaxone, Enrofloxacin, and Oxytetracycline were the antibiotics (ABX) most frequently prescribed, by 76, 68, and 54% of veterinarians, respectively. These ABX were prescribed mainly for respiratory health problems and mastitis in cattle, and gastrointestinal infections in buffaloes, sheep, goat, and pigs. Severity of clinical symptoms, economic status of the livestock owner, and withdrawal period for ABX were ranked as very important factors for giving ABX. Less than two thirds (64%) were aware of the government ban for Colistin and only 2% were aware of a national plan for AMR. This study highlighted that ABX prescription is mostly based on tentative diagnosis given the lack of diagnostic facilities in most veterinary clinics. There is a need to enhance veterinary healthcare and to improve communication between policy makers and field veterinarians and, importantly, a needto disseminate clear prescribing guidelines on prudent AMU.

KW - anitbiotics

KW - antibiotic resistance

KW - livestock

KW - veterinarians

KW - prescribing

KW - behaviour

UR - https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2022.864813/full?&utm_source=Email_to_authors_&utm_medium=Email&utm_content=T1_11.5e1_author&utm_campaign=Email_publication&field=&journalName=Frontiers_in_Veterinary_Science&id=864813

U2 - 10.3389/fvets.2022.864813

DO - 10.3389/fvets.2022.864813

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - Frontiers in Veterinary Science

JF - Frontiers in Veterinary Science

SN - 2297-1769

IS - 864813

M1 - 864813

ER -