Endophytes as Novel Pest Control Agents: Myth or Reality? / Gange, Alan; Currie, Amanda; Spong, Jessica-Rose.

Endophyte biotechnology. ed. / Alexander Schouten. Wallingford : C A B INTERNATIONAL, 2019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Submitted

Standard

Endophytes as Novel Pest Control Agents: Myth or Reality? / Gange, Alan; Currie, Amanda; Spong, Jessica-Rose.

Endophyte biotechnology. ed. / Alexander Schouten. Wallingford : C A B INTERNATIONAL, 2019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Harvard

Gange, A, Currie, A & Spong, J-R 2019, Endophytes as Novel Pest Control Agents: Myth or Reality? in A Schouten (ed.), Endophyte biotechnology. C A B INTERNATIONAL, Wallingford.

APA

Gange, A., Currie, A., & Spong, J-R. (2019). Endophytes as Novel Pest Control Agents: Myth or Reality?. Manuscript submitted for publication In A. Schouten (Ed.), Endophyte biotechnology C A B INTERNATIONAL.

Vancouver

Gange A, Currie A, Spong J-R. Endophytes as Novel Pest Control Agents: Myth or Reality? In Schouten A, editor, Endophyte biotechnology. Wallingford: C A B INTERNATIONAL. 2019

Author

Gange, Alan ; Currie, Amanda ; Spong, Jessica-Rose. / Endophytes as Novel Pest Control Agents: Myth or Reality?. Endophyte biotechnology. editor / Alexander Schouten. Wallingford : C A B INTERNATIONAL, 2019.

BibTeX

@inbook{5018ac0ee9f54ecd87a09b3f8d75e1f6,
title = "Endophytes as Novel Pest Control Agents: Myth or Reality?",
abstract = "Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous in nature and their potential for pest control in grassland systems is well understood. However, their role as novel pest control agents in herbaceous crops is far less clear. These fungi can be broadly split into two groups: unspecialized species (including saprotrophs and latent pathogens) and entomopathogens. The literature on the interactions of these fungi with herbivorous insects is biased towards studies in a few plant families and with a few insect species. This fact notwithstanding, we suggest that infection of plants by these fungi elicits dramatic chemical changes within their hosts, which have the potential to reduce insect and pathogen attack. However, the effects of fungal infection on insects are context-specific, being influenced by the identity of the insect and plant, the existing community of fungi within a plant, the habitat in which it is growing and the plant age.Unspecialized endophytes can reduce the performance of sucking insects, but effects are only seen when seeds are inoculated. This result may reflect poor experimental technique but corresponds well to fungal biology, as these endophytes can be transmitted through seeds from one plant generation to the next. Endophytic entomopathogens show more consistent detrimental effects on insects and plant pathogens and can even provide growth benefits in the absence of antagonists.We conclude that a better understanding of the biochemical and molecular changes elicited by endophytes in plants is required, so that these can be harnessed in future pest control strategies. Endophytes will not replace conventional pesticides in the near future, but could be incorporated into future integrated control programmes, thereby reducing the reliance on synthetic chemicals.",
author = "Alan Gange and Amanda Currie and Jessica-Rose Spong",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
editor = "Alexander Schouten",
booktitle = "Endophyte biotechnology",
publisher = "C A B INTERNATIONAL",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Endophytes as Novel Pest Control Agents: Myth or Reality?

AU - Gange, Alan

AU - Currie, Amanda

AU - Spong, Jessica-Rose

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous in nature and their potential for pest control in grassland systems is well understood. However, their role as novel pest control agents in herbaceous crops is far less clear. These fungi can be broadly split into two groups: unspecialized species (including saprotrophs and latent pathogens) and entomopathogens. The literature on the interactions of these fungi with herbivorous insects is biased towards studies in a few plant families and with a few insect species. This fact notwithstanding, we suggest that infection of plants by these fungi elicits dramatic chemical changes within their hosts, which have the potential to reduce insect and pathogen attack. However, the effects of fungal infection on insects are context-specific, being influenced by the identity of the insect and plant, the existing community of fungi within a plant, the habitat in which it is growing and the plant age.Unspecialized endophytes can reduce the performance of sucking insects, but effects are only seen when seeds are inoculated. This result may reflect poor experimental technique but corresponds well to fungal biology, as these endophytes can be transmitted through seeds from one plant generation to the next. Endophytic entomopathogens show more consistent detrimental effects on insects and plant pathogens and can even provide growth benefits in the absence of antagonists.We conclude that a better understanding of the biochemical and molecular changes elicited by endophytes in plants is required, so that these can be harnessed in future pest control strategies. Endophytes will not replace conventional pesticides in the near future, but could be incorporated into future integrated control programmes, thereby reducing the reliance on synthetic chemicals.

AB - Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous in nature and their potential for pest control in grassland systems is well understood. However, their role as novel pest control agents in herbaceous crops is far less clear. These fungi can be broadly split into two groups: unspecialized species (including saprotrophs and latent pathogens) and entomopathogens. The literature on the interactions of these fungi with herbivorous insects is biased towards studies in a few plant families and with a few insect species. This fact notwithstanding, we suggest that infection of plants by these fungi elicits dramatic chemical changes within their hosts, which have the potential to reduce insect and pathogen attack. However, the effects of fungal infection on insects are context-specific, being influenced by the identity of the insect and plant, the existing community of fungi within a plant, the habitat in which it is growing and the plant age.Unspecialized endophytes can reduce the performance of sucking insects, but effects are only seen when seeds are inoculated. This result may reflect poor experimental technique but corresponds well to fungal biology, as these endophytes can be transmitted through seeds from one plant generation to the next. Endophytic entomopathogens show more consistent detrimental effects on insects and plant pathogens and can even provide growth benefits in the absence of antagonists.We conclude that a better understanding of the biochemical and molecular changes elicited by endophytes in plants is required, so that these can be harnessed in future pest control strategies. Endophytes will not replace conventional pesticides in the near future, but could be incorporated into future integrated control programmes, thereby reducing the reliance on synthetic chemicals.

M3 - Chapter

BT - Endophyte biotechnology

A2 - Schouten, Alexander

PB - C A B INTERNATIONAL

CY - Wallingford

ER -