Endophilia or Exophobia : Beyond Discrimination. / Feld, Jan; Salamanca, Nicolas; Hamermesh, Daniel.

In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 126, No. 594, 01.08.2016, p. 1503–1527.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review





The discrimination literature treats outcomes as relative. But does a differential arise because agents discriminate against others—exophobia—or because they favour their own kind—endophilia? Using a field experiment that assigned graders randomly to students' exams that did/ did not contain names, we find favouritism but no discrimination by nationality, but neither by gender. We are able to identify these preferences under a wide range of behavioural scenarios regarding the graders. That endophilia dominates exophobia alters how we should measure discriminatory wage differentials and should inform the formulation of anti-discrimination policy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1503–1527
Number of pages25
JournalThe Economic Journal
Issue number594
Early online date22 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

ID: 24324975