Do the clothes make the criminal? The influence of clothing match on identification accuracy in showups. / Wetmore, Stacy; Neuschatz, Jeffrey S.; Gronlund, Scott D.; Key, Kylie N. ; Goodsell, Charles A.

In: Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition , Vol. 4, No. 1, 03.2015, p. 36-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Do the clothes make the criminal? The influence of clothing match on identification accuracy in showups. / Wetmore, Stacy; Neuschatz, Jeffrey S.; Gronlund, Scott D.; Key, Kylie N. ; Goodsell, Charles A.

In: Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition , Vol. 4, No. 1, 03.2015, p. 36-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Wetmore, S, Neuschatz, JS, Gronlund, SD, Key, KN & Goodsell, CA 2015, 'Do the clothes make the criminal? The influence of clothing match on identification accuracy in showups', Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition , vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 36-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.12.003

APA

Wetmore, S., Neuschatz, J. S., Gronlund, S. D., Key, K. N., & Goodsell, C. A. (2015). Do the clothes make the criminal? The influence of clothing match on identification accuracy in showups. Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition , 4(1), 36-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.12.003

Vancouver

Wetmore S, Neuschatz JS, Gronlund SD, Key KN, Goodsell CA. Do the clothes make the criminal? The influence of clothing match on identification accuracy in showups. Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition . 2015 Mar;4(1):36-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.12.003

Author

Wetmore, Stacy ; Neuschatz, Jeffrey S. ; Gronlund, Scott D. ; Key, Kylie N. ; Goodsell, Charles A. / Do the clothes make the criminal? The influence of clothing match on identification accuracy in showups. In: Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition . 2015 ; Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 36-42.

BibTeX

@article{280cfbc9ad1546b4ba6f50e55b37e6c2,
title = "Do the clothes make the criminal? The influence of clothing match on identification accuracy in showups",
abstract = "Showups, a single suspect identification, are thought to be a more suggestive procedure than traditional lineups by the U.S. Supreme Court and social science researchers. Previous research typically finds that a clothing match in showup identifications increases false identifications. However, these experiments do not allow for a determination of whether this increase arises from a change in response bias, reduced discriminability, or both. In the present study, participants viewed a mock crime video and made a showup identification with either a clothing match or mismatch. Contrary to prior research, the best discriminability occurred when the guilty and innocent suspects wore clothing that matched the clothing worn during the crime. A clothing match also resulted in a more liberal response bias. The results are consistent with the principle of encoding specificity and the outshining hypothesis, as instantiated in the item, context, ensemble theory. Practical implications are discussed.",
author = "Stacy Wetmore and Neuschatz, {Jeffrey S.} and Gronlund, {Scott D.} and Key, {Kylie N.} and Goodsell, {Charles A.}",
year = "2015",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.12.003",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "36--42",
journal = "Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition ",
issn = "2211-3681",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do the clothes make the criminal? The influence of clothing match on identification accuracy in showups

AU - Wetmore, Stacy

AU - Neuschatz, Jeffrey S.

AU - Gronlund, Scott D.

AU - Key, Kylie N.

AU - Goodsell, Charles A.

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - Showups, a single suspect identification, are thought to be a more suggestive procedure than traditional lineups by the U.S. Supreme Court and social science researchers. Previous research typically finds that a clothing match in showup identifications increases false identifications. However, these experiments do not allow for a determination of whether this increase arises from a change in response bias, reduced discriminability, or both. In the present study, participants viewed a mock crime video and made a showup identification with either a clothing match or mismatch. Contrary to prior research, the best discriminability occurred when the guilty and innocent suspects wore clothing that matched the clothing worn during the crime. A clothing match also resulted in a more liberal response bias. The results are consistent with the principle of encoding specificity and the outshining hypothesis, as instantiated in the item, context, ensemble theory. Practical implications are discussed.

AB - Showups, a single suspect identification, are thought to be a more suggestive procedure than traditional lineups by the U.S. Supreme Court and social science researchers. Previous research typically finds that a clothing match in showup identifications increases false identifications. However, these experiments do not allow for a determination of whether this increase arises from a change in response bias, reduced discriminability, or both. In the present study, participants viewed a mock crime video and made a showup identification with either a clothing match or mismatch. Contrary to prior research, the best discriminability occurred when the guilty and innocent suspects wore clothing that matched the clothing worn during the crime. A clothing match also resulted in a more liberal response bias. The results are consistent with the principle of encoding specificity and the outshining hypothesis, as instantiated in the item, context, ensemble theory. Practical implications are discussed.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.12.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jarmac.2014.12.003

M3 - Article

VL - 4

SP - 36

EP - 42

JO - Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition

JF - Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition

SN - 2211-3681

IS - 1

ER -