Craton Destruction 2 : Evolution of Cratonic Lithosphere after a Rapid Keel Delamination Event. / Liu, Liang; Morgan, Jason; Xu, Yigang; Menzies, Martin.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 123, No. 11, 29.07.2018, p. 10,069-10,090.

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Craton Destruction 2 : Evolution of Cratonic Lithosphere after a Rapid Keel Delamination Event. / Liu, Liang; Morgan, Jason; Xu, Yigang; Menzies, Martin.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 123, No. 11, 29.07.2018, p. 10,069-10,090.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Liu, Liang ; Morgan, Jason ; Xu, Yigang ; Menzies, Martin. / Craton Destruction 2 : Evolution of Cratonic Lithosphere after a Rapid Keel Delamination Event. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 2018 ; Vol. 123, No. 11. pp. 10,069-10,090.

BibTeX

@article{efa9b640042e4998986a682c3951f586,
title = "Craton Destruction 2: Evolution of Cratonic Lithosphere after a Rapid Keel Delamination Event",
abstract = "Cratonic lithosphere beneath the eastern North China Craton (ENCC) has undergone extensive destruction since early Jurassic times (ca. 190 Ma). This is recorded in its episodic tectonic and magmatic history. In this time, its lithosphere changed thickness from ca. 200 km to <60 km. This change was associated with a peak time (ca. 120 Ma) of lithospheric thinning and magmatism that was linked with high surface heat flow recorded in rift basins. We believe that these records are best explained by a two‐stage evolutionary process. First, ca. 100 km of cratonic {\textquoteleft}keel' underlying a weak mid‐lithospheric discontinuity layer (ca. 80‐100 km) was rapidly removed in <10‐20 Ma. This keel delamination stage was followed by a protracted (ca. 50‐100 Ma) period of convective erosion and/or lithospheric extension that thinned the remaining lithosphere and continuously reworked the former cratonic lithospheric mantle.This study focuses on numerical exploration of the well‐recorded second stage of the ENCC's lithospheric evolution. We find: 1) lithospheric mantle capped by thick crust can be locally replaced by deeper mantle material in 100 Ma due to small‐scale convective erosion; 2) asthenospheric upwelling & related extension can replace lithospheric mantle over horizontal length‐scales of ~50‐150 km, and account for observed {\textquoteleft}mushroom‐shaped' low‐velocity structures; 3) modelling shows conditions that could lead to the multiple ENCC magmatic pulses between 190‐115 Ma that are associated with temporal and spatial changes in magma source petrology and a magmatic hiatus; 4) a {\textquoteleft}wet' mid‐lithospheric discontinuity layer provides a potential source material for on‐craton magmatism.",
author = "Liang Liu and Jason Morgan and Yigang Xu and Martin Menzies",
year = "2018",
month = jul,
day = "29",
doi = "10.1029/2017JB015374",
language = "English",
volume = "123",
pages = "10,069--10,090",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth",
issn = "2169-9313",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Craton Destruction 2

T2 - Evolution of Cratonic Lithosphere after a Rapid Keel Delamination Event

AU - Liu, Liang

AU - Morgan, Jason

AU - Xu, Yigang

AU - Menzies, Martin

PY - 2018/7/29

Y1 - 2018/7/29

N2 - Cratonic lithosphere beneath the eastern North China Craton (ENCC) has undergone extensive destruction since early Jurassic times (ca. 190 Ma). This is recorded in its episodic tectonic and magmatic history. In this time, its lithosphere changed thickness from ca. 200 km to <60 km. This change was associated with a peak time (ca. 120 Ma) of lithospheric thinning and magmatism that was linked with high surface heat flow recorded in rift basins. We believe that these records are best explained by a two‐stage evolutionary process. First, ca. 100 km of cratonic ‘keel' underlying a weak mid‐lithospheric discontinuity layer (ca. 80‐100 km) was rapidly removed in <10‐20 Ma. This keel delamination stage was followed by a protracted (ca. 50‐100 Ma) period of convective erosion and/or lithospheric extension that thinned the remaining lithosphere and continuously reworked the former cratonic lithospheric mantle.This study focuses on numerical exploration of the well‐recorded second stage of the ENCC's lithospheric evolution. We find: 1) lithospheric mantle capped by thick crust can be locally replaced by deeper mantle material in 100 Ma due to small‐scale convective erosion; 2) asthenospheric upwelling & related extension can replace lithospheric mantle over horizontal length‐scales of ~50‐150 km, and account for observed ‘mushroom‐shaped' low‐velocity structures; 3) modelling shows conditions that could lead to the multiple ENCC magmatic pulses between 190‐115 Ma that are associated with temporal and spatial changes in magma source petrology and a magmatic hiatus; 4) a ‘wet' mid‐lithospheric discontinuity layer provides a potential source material for on‐craton magmatism.

AB - Cratonic lithosphere beneath the eastern North China Craton (ENCC) has undergone extensive destruction since early Jurassic times (ca. 190 Ma). This is recorded in its episodic tectonic and magmatic history. In this time, its lithosphere changed thickness from ca. 200 km to <60 km. This change was associated with a peak time (ca. 120 Ma) of lithospheric thinning and magmatism that was linked with high surface heat flow recorded in rift basins. We believe that these records are best explained by a two‐stage evolutionary process. First, ca. 100 km of cratonic ‘keel' underlying a weak mid‐lithospheric discontinuity layer (ca. 80‐100 km) was rapidly removed in <10‐20 Ma. This keel delamination stage was followed by a protracted (ca. 50‐100 Ma) period of convective erosion and/or lithospheric extension that thinned the remaining lithosphere and continuously reworked the former cratonic lithospheric mantle.This study focuses on numerical exploration of the well‐recorded second stage of the ENCC's lithospheric evolution. We find: 1) lithospheric mantle capped by thick crust can be locally replaced by deeper mantle material in 100 Ma due to small‐scale convective erosion; 2) asthenospheric upwelling & related extension can replace lithospheric mantle over horizontal length‐scales of ~50‐150 km, and account for observed ‘mushroom‐shaped' low‐velocity structures; 3) modelling shows conditions that could lead to the multiple ENCC magmatic pulses between 190‐115 Ma that are associated with temporal and spatial changes in magma source petrology and a magmatic hiatus; 4) a ‘wet' mid‐lithospheric discontinuity layer provides a potential source material for on‐craton magmatism.

U2 - 10.1029/2017JB015374

DO - 10.1029/2017JB015374

M3 - Article

VL - 123

SP - 10,069-10,090

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth

SN - 2169-9313

IS - 11

ER -