Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe. / Felde, Vivian; Flantua, Suzette; Jenks, Cathy; Benito, Blas; De Beaulieu, Jacques Louis; Kuneš, Petr; Magri, Donatella; Nalepka, Dorota; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; ter Braak, Cajo; Allen, Judy; Granoszewski, Wojciech; Helmens, Karin; Huntley, Brian; Kondratienė, Ona; Kalniņa, Laimdota; Kupryjanowicz, Mirosława; Malkiewicz, Małgorzata; Milner, Alice; Nita, Małgorzata; Noryśkiewicz, Bożena; Pidek, Irena; Reille, Maurice; Salonen, J. Sakari; Šeirienė, Vaida; Winter, Hanna; Tzedakis, Polychronis; Birks, H. John.

In: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 01.04.2019, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print


  • Vivian Felde
  • Suzette Flantua
  • Cathy Jenks
  • Blas Benito
  • Jacques Louis De Beaulieu
  • Petr Kuneš
  • Donatella Magri
  • Dorota Nalepka
  • Bjørg Risebrobakken
  • Cajo ter Braak
  • Judy Allen
  • Wojciech Granoszewski
  • Karin Helmens
  • Brian Huntley
  • Ona Kondratienė
  • Laimdota Kalniņa
  • Mirosława Kupryjanowicz
  • Małgorzata Malkiewicz
  • Małgorzata Nita
  • Bożena Noryśkiewicz
  • Irena Pidek
  • Maurice Reille
  • J. Sakari Salonen
  • Vaida Šeirienė
  • Hanna Winter
  • Polychronis Tzedakis
  • H. John Birks


The Eemian interglacial represents a natural experiment on how past vegetation with negligible human impact responded to amplified temperature changes compared to the Holocene. Here, we assemble 47 carefully selected Eemian pollen sequences from Europe to explore geographical patterns of (1) total compositional turnover and total variation for each sequence and (2) stratigraphical turnover between samples within each sequence using detrended canonical correspondence analysis, multivariate regression trees, and principal curves. Our synthesis shows that turnover and variation are highest in central Europe (47–55°N), low in southern Europe (south of 45°N), and lowest in the north (above 60°N). These results provide a basis for developing hypotheses about causes of vegetation change during the Eemian and their possible drivers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalVegetation History and Archaeobotany
Early online date1 Apr 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Apr 2019
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

ID: 32835561