Civilian Casualties in the Colombian Conflict: A New Approach to Human Security. / Spagat, M; Restrepo, J.

2004. (Conflict).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Published

Standard

Civilian Casualties in the Colombian Conflict: A New Approach to Human Security. / Spagat, M; Restrepo, J.

2004. (Conflict).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

BibTeX

@techreport{3649828feeeb4c408162b1736a0a4579,
title = "Civilian Casualties in the Colombian Conflict: A New Approach to Human Security",
abstract = "We develop a new, quantitative approach to the analysis of human security during armed conflict and apply this methodology to the Colombian conflict, 1988-2003. We consider 21 different attack types (unopposed events) plus clashes between pairs of armed groups. For each event type we determine the number of civilian killings and injuries (casualties), the armed group(s) involved and the population density of the municipalities where these events occur. We also study the dynamics of civilian casualties for the various combinations of event-and-armed-group types. We argue that policy must focus on three very specific circumstances for civilian casualties in the Colombian conflict: massacres by illegal right-wing paramilitaries in rural areas, massacres by left-wing guerrillas in rural areas, and guerrilla bombings, particularly causing injuries, in both the biggest urban areas and rural areas. These events account for almost 40% of all conflict casualties in attacks with known authors. Thus improving rural security is Colombia's central human security issue with urban terrorism becoming an important problem.",
keywords = "Guerrillas, Massacres, Attack, Conflict, Colombia, Urban Terrorism, Casualties",
author = "M Spagat and J Restrepo",
note = "Thanks to significant contribution from J Vargas.<br /> An early draft paper was prepared for the workshop {"}Techniques of Violence in Civil Wars{"} Organised by the Centre for the Study of Civil Wars at PRIO, Oslo.",
year = "2004",
month = oct,
day = "27",
language = "English",
series = "Conflict",
type = "WorkingPaper",

}

RIS

TY - UNPB

T1 - Civilian Casualties in the Colombian Conflict: A New Approach to Human Security

AU - Spagat, M

AU - Restrepo, J

N1 - Thanks to significant contribution from J Vargas.<br /> An early draft paper was prepared for the workshop "Techniques of Violence in Civil Wars" Organised by the Centre for the Study of Civil Wars at PRIO, Oslo.

PY - 2004/10/27

Y1 - 2004/10/27

N2 - We develop a new, quantitative approach to the analysis of human security during armed conflict and apply this methodology to the Colombian conflict, 1988-2003. We consider 21 different attack types (unopposed events) plus clashes between pairs of armed groups. For each event type we determine the number of civilian killings and injuries (casualties), the armed group(s) involved and the population density of the municipalities where these events occur. We also study the dynamics of civilian casualties for the various combinations of event-and-armed-group types. We argue that policy must focus on three very specific circumstances for civilian casualties in the Colombian conflict: massacres by illegal right-wing paramilitaries in rural areas, massacres by left-wing guerrillas in rural areas, and guerrilla bombings, particularly causing injuries, in both the biggest urban areas and rural areas. These events account for almost 40% of all conflict casualties in attacks with known authors. Thus improving rural security is Colombia's central human security issue with urban terrorism becoming an important problem.

AB - We develop a new, quantitative approach to the analysis of human security during armed conflict and apply this methodology to the Colombian conflict, 1988-2003. We consider 21 different attack types (unopposed events) plus clashes between pairs of armed groups. For each event type we determine the number of civilian killings and injuries (casualties), the armed group(s) involved and the population density of the municipalities where these events occur. We also study the dynamics of civilian casualties for the various combinations of event-and-armed-group types. We argue that policy must focus on three very specific circumstances for civilian casualties in the Colombian conflict: massacres by illegal right-wing paramilitaries in rural areas, massacres by left-wing guerrillas in rural areas, and guerrilla bombings, particularly causing injuries, in both the biggest urban areas and rural areas. These events account for almost 40% of all conflict casualties in attacks with known authors. Thus improving rural security is Colombia's central human security issue with urban terrorism becoming an important problem.

KW - Guerrillas

KW - Massacres

KW - Attack

KW - Conflict

KW - Colombia

KW - Urban Terrorism

KW - Casualties

M3 - Discussion paper

T3 - Conflict

BT - Civilian Casualties in the Colombian Conflict: A New Approach to Human Security

ER -