Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes? / Nightingale, Sophie; Wade, Kimberley; Watson, Derrick.

In: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, Vol. 2, 30, 18.07.2017, p. 1-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Published

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Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes? / Nightingale, Sophie; Wade, Kimberley; Watson, Derrick.

In: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, Vol. 2, 30, 18.07.2017, p. 1-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Nightingale, S, Wade, K & Watson, D 2017, 'Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes?', Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, vol. 2, 30, pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41235-017-0067-2

APA

Nightingale, S., Wade, K., & Watson, D. (2017). Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes? Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2, 1-21. [30]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41235-017-0067-2

Vancouver

Nightingale S, Wade K, Watson D. Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes? Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications. 2017 Jul 18;2:1-21. 30. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41235-017-0067-2

Author

Nightingale, Sophie ; Wade, Kimberley ; Watson, Derrick. / Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes?. In: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications. 2017 ; Vol. 2. pp. 1-21.

BibTeX

@article{145c45c9afa44c76b99bf7a30c09ccbf,
title = "Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes?",
abstract = "Advances in digital technology mean that the creation of visually compelling photographic fakes is growing at an incredible speed. The prevalence of manipulated photos in our everyday lives invites an important, yet largely unanswered, question: Can people detect photo forgeries? Previous research using simple computer-generated stimuli suggests people are poor at detecting geometrical inconsistencies within a scene. We do not know, however, whether such limitations also apply to real-world scenes that contain common properties that the human visual system is attuned to processing. In two experiments we asked people to detect and locate manipulations within images of real-world scenes. Subjects demonstrated a limited ability to detect original and manipulated images. Furthermore, across both experiments, even when subjects correctly detected manipulated images, they were often unable to locate the manipulation. People’s ability to detect manipulated images was positively correlated with the extent of disruption to the underlying structure of the pixels in the photo. We also explored whether manipulation type and individual differences were associated with people’s ability to identify manipulations. Taken together, our findings show, for the first time, that people have poor ability to identify whether a real-world image is original or has been manipulated. The results have implications for professionals working with digital images in legal, media, and other domains.",
author = "Sophie Nightingale and Kimberley Wade and Derrick Watson",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1186/s41235-017-0067-2",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "1--21",
journal = "Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes?

AU - Nightingale, Sophie

AU - Wade, Kimberley

AU - Watson, Derrick

PY - 2017/7/18

Y1 - 2017/7/18

N2 - Advances in digital technology mean that the creation of visually compelling photographic fakes is growing at an incredible speed. The prevalence of manipulated photos in our everyday lives invites an important, yet largely unanswered, question: Can people detect photo forgeries? Previous research using simple computer-generated stimuli suggests people are poor at detecting geometrical inconsistencies within a scene. We do not know, however, whether such limitations also apply to real-world scenes that contain common properties that the human visual system is attuned to processing. In two experiments we asked people to detect and locate manipulations within images of real-world scenes. Subjects demonstrated a limited ability to detect original and manipulated images. Furthermore, across both experiments, even when subjects correctly detected manipulated images, they were often unable to locate the manipulation. People’s ability to detect manipulated images was positively correlated with the extent of disruption to the underlying structure of the pixels in the photo. We also explored whether manipulation type and individual differences were associated with people’s ability to identify manipulations. Taken together, our findings show, for the first time, that people have poor ability to identify whether a real-world image is original or has been manipulated. The results have implications for professionals working with digital images in legal, media, and other domains.

AB - Advances in digital technology mean that the creation of visually compelling photographic fakes is growing at an incredible speed. The prevalence of manipulated photos in our everyday lives invites an important, yet largely unanswered, question: Can people detect photo forgeries? Previous research using simple computer-generated stimuli suggests people are poor at detecting geometrical inconsistencies within a scene. We do not know, however, whether such limitations also apply to real-world scenes that contain common properties that the human visual system is attuned to processing. In two experiments we asked people to detect and locate manipulations within images of real-world scenes. Subjects demonstrated a limited ability to detect original and manipulated images. Furthermore, across both experiments, even when subjects correctly detected manipulated images, they were often unable to locate the manipulation. People’s ability to detect manipulated images was positively correlated with the extent of disruption to the underlying structure of the pixels in the photo. We also explored whether manipulation type and individual differences were associated with people’s ability to identify manipulations. Taken together, our findings show, for the first time, that people have poor ability to identify whether a real-world image is original or has been manipulated. The results have implications for professionals working with digital images in legal, media, and other domains.

U2 - 10.1186/s41235-017-0067-2

DO - 10.1186/s41235-017-0067-2

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 1

EP - 21

JO - Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications

JF - Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications

M1 - 30

ER -