Cairo - The Divided City : Policy versus reality and the journey to sustainability. / Elbeshbeshy, Mostafa.

2017. 564 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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BibTeX

@phdthesis{df0b62e15292449eab48c09fcd8815df,
title = "Cairo - The Divided City: Policy versus reality and the journey to sustainability",
abstract = "Officially, over 43% of the Egyptian population lives in urban areas, posing a real challenge to meet people{\textquoteright}s needs in this predominantly arid environment, especially considering that only around 6% of Egypt{\textquoteright}s land is populated (CAPMAS, 2016; MHUUC, 2012). The official data underestimate the actual urban population because they do not include other urban forms such as urban villages (Bayat and Denis, 2000). Inadequate policies have rarely managed to keep pace with the always-changing socio-economic and political transformations. The research aims to understand Cairo{\textquoteright}s housing ownership mechanisms in relation to the official housing policies and their implementation by exploring the government{\textquoteright}s perspective and residents{\textquoteright} lived experience of place in informal settlements, gated communities and in new satellite cities in Cairo. The methodology is of a qualitative nature and reviews how housing policies regulate housing ownership mechanisms in Cairo, investigates why most Cairenes reside in informal areas, evaluates how the New Cities perform in relation to the housing issue in Cairo, and offers prospective recommendations to narrow the gap between policy and reality. This analysis evaluates housing stakeholders{\textquoteright} divergent realities in terms of housing policies and its implementation in Cairo, and reveals the state{\textquoteright}s inability to mitigate the housing issue. The findings show that housing policies attempt to regulate housing ownership mechanisms in Cairo through an ineffective institutional structure; that affordability, flexibility, and suitable socio-economic environment play a decisive factor why most Cairenes reside in informal areas; and that the failure of social housing to provide adequate shelter for poor- and middle-income Cairenes has triggered the alteration of the initial aim of the New Cities, which are now targeted towards higher-income classes. The research concludes with a number of recommendations. The study contributes to the limited empirical evidence and helps to develop a holistic picture of the housing issues in Cairo, paving the road for future endeavour in the journey to greater sustainability as outlined in the New Urban Agenda and SDG 11.",
keywords = "housing, Cairo, urban planning, informal housing, new cities, gated communities, housing policy, governmental housing, slums, social production, housing stakeholders, Sustainability, sustainable development, Sustainable Development Goals, Cairo historical development, land tenure, Egypt, building regulations, land registration, building permit, concept of housing, Urbanisation, housing ownership, housing mechanisms, housing adminstration, master plans, mortgage",
author = "Mostafa Elbeshbeshy",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
school = "Royal Holloway, University of London",

}

RIS

TY - THES

T1 - Cairo - The Divided City

T2 - Policy versus reality and the journey to sustainability

AU - Elbeshbeshy, Mostafa

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Officially, over 43% of the Egyptian population lives in urban areas, posing a real challenge to meet people’s needs in this predominantly arid environment, especially considering that only around 6% of Egypt’s land is populated (CAPMAS, 2016; MHUUC, 2012). The official data underestimate the actual urban population because they do not include other urban forms such as urban villages (Bayat and Denis, 2000). Inadequate policies have rarely managed to keep pace with the always-changing socio-economic and political transformations. The research aims to understand Cairo’s housing ownership mechanisms in relation to the official housing policies and their implementation by exploring the government’s perspective and residents’ lived experience of place in informal settlements, gated communities and in new satellite cities in Cairo. The methodology is of a qualitative nature and reviews how housing policies regulate housing ownership mechanisms in Cairo, investigates why most Cairenes reside in informal areas, evaluates how the New Cities perform in relation to the housing issue in Cairo, and offers prospective recommendations to narrow the gap between policy and reality. This analysis evaluates housing stakeholders’ divergent realities in terms of housing policies and its implementation in Cairo, and reveals the state’s inability to mitigate the housing issue. The findings show that housing policies attempt to regulate housing ownership mechanisms in Cairo through an ineffective institutional structure; that affordability, flexibility, and suitable socio-economic environment play a decisive factor why most Cairenes reside in informal areas; and that the failure of social housing to provide adequate shelter for poor- and middle-income Cairenes has triggered the alteration of the initial aim of the New Cities, which are now targeted towards higher-income classes. The research concludes with a number of recommendations. The study contributes to the limited empirical evidence and helps to develop a holistic picture of the housing issues in Cairo, paving the road for future endeavour in the journey to greater sustainability as outlined in the New Urban Agenda and SDG 11.

AB - Officially, over 43% of the Egyptian population lives in urban areas, posing a real challenge to meet people’s needs in this predominantly arid environment, especially considering that only around 6% of Egypt’s land is populated (CAPMAS, 2016; MHUUC, 2012). The official data underestimate the actual urban population because they do not include other urban forms such as urban villages (Bayat and Denis, 2000). Inadequate policies have rarely managed to keep pace with the always-changing socio-economic and political transformations. The research aims to understand Cairo’s housing ownership mechanisms in relation to the official housing policies and their implementation by exploring the government’s perspective and residents’ lived experience of place in informal settlements, gated communities and in new satellite cities in Cairo. The methodology is of a qualitative nature and reviews how housing policies regulate housing ownership mechanisms in Cairo, investigates why most Cairenes reside in informal areas, evaluates how the New Cities perform in relation to the housing issue in Cairo, and offers prospective recommendations to narrow the gap between policy and reality. This analysis evaluates housing stakeholders’ divergent realities in terms of housing policies and its implementation in Cairo, and reveals the state’s inability to mitigate the housing issue. The findings show that housing policies attempt to regulate housing ownership mechanisms in Cairo through an ineffective institutional structure; that affordability, flexibility, and suitable socio-economic environment play a decisive factor why most Cairenes reside in informal areas; and that the failure of social housing to provide adequate shelter for poor- and middle-income Cairenes has triggered the alteration of the initial aim of the New Cities, which are now targeted towards higher-income classes. The research concludes with a number of recommendations. The study contributes to the limited empirical evidence and helps to develop a holistic picture of the housing issues in Cairo, paving the road for future endeavour in the journey to greater sustainability as outlined in the New Urban Agenda and SDG 11.

KW - housing

KW - Cairo

KW - urban planning

KW - informal housing

KW - new cities

KW - gated communities

KW - housing policy

KW - governmental housing

KW - slums

KW - social production

KW - housing stakeholders

KW - Sustainability

KW - sustainable development

KW - Sustainable Development Goals

KW - Cairo historical development

KW - land tenure

KW - Egypt

KW - building regulations

KW - land registration

KW - building permit

KW - concept of housing

KW - Urbanisation

KW - housing ownership

KW - housing mechanisms

KW - housing adminstration

KW - master plans

KW - mortgage

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

ER -