Big data integration : Pan-European fungal species observations’ assembly for addressing contemporary questions in ecology and global change biology. / Andrew, Carrie; Heegaard, Einar; Kirk, Paul; Bassler, Claus; Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob; Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard; Kuyper, Thomas; Senn-Irlet, Beatrice; Buntgen, Ulf; Diez, Jeffrey; Egli, Simon; Gange, Alan; Rune, Halvorsen; Hoiland, Klaus; Norden, Jenni; Rustoen, Fredrik; Boddy, Lynne; Kauserud, Havard.

In: Fungal Biology Reviews, Vol. 31, No. 2, 03.2017, p. 88–98.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



  • Carrie Andrew
  • Einar Heegaard
  • Paul Kirk
  • Claus Bassler
  • Jacob Heilmann-Clausen
  • Irmgard Krisai-Greilhuber
  • Thomas Kuyper
  • Beatrice Senn-Irlet
  • Ulf Buntgen
  • Jeffrey Diez
  • Simon Egli
  • Alan Gange
  • Halvorsen Rune
  • Klaus Hoiland
  • Jenni Norden
  • Fredrik Rustoen
  • Lynne Boddy
  • Havard Kauserud


Species occurrence observations are increasingly available for scientific analyses through citizen science projects and digitization of museum records, representing a largely untapped ecological resource. When combined with open-source data, there is unparalleled potential for understanding many aspects of organisms’ ecology and biogeography. Here we describe the process of assembling a pan-European mycological meta-database (ClimFun) and integrating it with open-source data to advance the fields of macroecology and biogeography against a backdrop of global change. Initially 7.3 million unique fungal species fruit body records, spanning nine countries, were processed and assembled into 6 million records of more than 10,000 species. This is an extraordinary amount of fungal data to address macro-ecological questions. We provide two examples of fungal species with different life histories, one ectomycorrhizal and one wood decaying, to demonstrate how such continental-scale meta-databases can offer unique insights into climate change effects on fungal phenology and fruiting patterns in recent decades.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88–98
Number of pages11
JournalFungal Biology Reviews
Issue number2
Early online date30 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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