Big Bang synthesis of nuclear dark matter. / Hardy, Edward; Lasenby, Robert; March-Russell, John; West, Stephen M.

In: Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, No. 11, 011, 06.2015.

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Abstract

We investigate the physics of dark matter models featuring composite bound states carrying a large conserved dark “nucleon” number. The properties of sufficiently large dark nuclei may obey simple scaling laws, and we find that this scaling can determine the number distribution of nuclei resulting from Big Bang Dark Nucleosynthesis. For plausible models of asymmetric dark matter, dark nuclei of large nucleon number, e.g. ≳ 10^8, may be synthesised, with the number distribution taking one of two characteristic forms. If small-nucleon-number fusions are sufficiently fast, the distribution of dark nuclei takes on a logarithmically-peaked, universal form, independent of many details of the initial conditions and small-number interactions. In the case of a substantial bottleneck to nucleosynthesis for small dark nuclei, we find the surprising result that even larger nuclei, with size ≫ 10^8, are often finally synthesised, again with a simple number distribution. We briefly discuss the constraints arising from the novel dark sector energetics, and the extended set of (often parametrically light) dark sector states that can occur in complete models of nuclear dark matter.
Original languageEnglish
Article number011
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2015
Issue number11
Early online date3 Jun 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015
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