Between a refuge and a battleground. Beirut’s discrepant cosmopolitanisms. / Fregonese, Sara.

In: Geographical Review, Vol. 102, 2012, p. 316–336.

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Between a refuge and a battleground. Beirut’s discrepant cosmopolitanisms. / Fregonese, Sara.

In: Geographical Review, Vol. 102, 2012, p. 316–336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Fregonese, Sara. / Between a refuge and a battleground. Beirut’s discrepant cosmopolitanisms. In: Geographical Review. 2012 ; Vol. 102. pp. 316–336.

BibTeX

@article{fa27914cb70445dc8067f73eb2ed66cc,
title = "Between a refuge and a battleground. Beirut{\textquoteright}s discrepant cosmopolitanisms.",
abstract = "Beirut has experienced cosmopolitanism and its opposite. It is a site of multicultural encounters and communal entrenchment: a refuge and a battleground. How and where does Beirut{\textquoteright}s cosmopolitan project turn into violence? The notion of “discrepant cosmopolitanism” provides two answers, blurring accepted distinctions between multicultural openness and communitarian entrenchment. First, openness and closure are not opposed but part of discrepant cosmopolitanisms immanent in urban space. Second, these discrepant cosmopolitanisms originate in Lebanon{\textquoteright}s encounter with colonial modernity. The making of the Lebanese nation-state has revolved around the sectarian spatiality of the ta{\textquoteright}ifa (religious community),which produced contested but coexisting discourses and practices of rivalry and harmony. The rise of Beirut{\textquoteright}s international hotels in the s, their destruction, and their role in contemporary urban redevelopment are treated here as embodiments of discrepant cosmopolitanisms. Within Beirut{\textquoteright}s recurrent tensions, a renegotiation of its cosmopolitan project could stem from a different relationship between the urban and national policies. Keywords: Beirut, colonialism, cosmopolitanism, hotels, Lebanon, urbicide.",
keywords = "Cosmopolitanism, Lebanon, everyday practices, Post-colonial studies, Beirut, hotels",
author = "Sara Fregonese",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1111/j.1931-0846.2012.00154.x",
language = "English",
volume = "102",
pages = "316–336",
journal = "Geographical Review",
issn = "0016-7428",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Between a refuge and a battleground. Beirut’s discrepant cosmopolitanisms.

AU - Fregonese, Sara

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Beirut has experienced cosmopolitanism and its opposite. It is a site of multicultural encounters and communal entrenchment: a refuge and a battleground. How and where does Beirut’s cosmopolitan project turn into violence? The notion of “discrepant cosmopolitanism” provides two answers, blurring accepted distinctions between multicultural openness and communitarian entrenchment. First, openness and closure are not opposed but part of discrepant cosmopolitanisms immanent in urban space. Second, these discrepant cosmopolitanisms originate in Lebanon’s encounter with colonial modernity. The making of the Lebanese nation-state has revolved around the sectarian spatiality of the ta’ifa (religious community),which produced contested but coexisting discourses and practices of rivalry and harmony. The rise of Beirut’s international hotels in the s, their destruction, and their role in contemporary urban redevelopment are treated here as embodiments of discrepant cosmopolitanisms. Within Beirut’s recurrent tensions, a renegotiation of its cosmopolitan project could stem from a different relationship between the urban and national policies. Keywords: Beirut, colonialism, cosmopolitanism, hotels, Lebanon, urbicide.

AB - Beirut has experienced cosmopolitanism and its opposite. It is a site of multicultural encounters and communal entrenchment: a refuge and a battleground. How and where does Beirut’s cosmopolitan project turn into violence? The notion of “discrepant cosmopolitanism” provides two answers, blurring accepted distinctions between multicultural openness and communitarian entrenchment. First, openness and closure are not opposed but part of discrepant cosmopolitanisms immanent in urban space. Second, these discrepant cosmopolitanisms originate in Lebanon’s encounter with colonial modernity. The making of the Lebanese nation-state has revolved around the sectarian spatiality of the ta’ifa (religious community),which produced contested but coexisting discourses and practices of rivalry and harmony. The rise of Beirut’s international hotels in the s, their destruction, and their role in contemporary urban redevelopment are treated here as embodiments of discrepant cosmopolitanisms. Within Beirut’s recurrent tensions, a renegotiation of its cosmopolitan project could stem from a different relationship between the urban and national policies. Keywords: Beirut, colonialism, cosmopolitanism, hotels, Lebanon, urbicide.

KW - Cosmopolitanism

KW - Lebanon

KW - everyday practices

KW - Post-colonial studies

KW - Beirut

KW - hotels

U2 - 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2012.00154.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2012.00154.x

M3 - Article

VL - 102

SP - 316

EP - 336

JO - Geographical Review

JF - Geographical Review

SN - 0016-7428

ER -