Analytic cognitive style, not delusional ideation, predicts data gathering in a large beads task study. / Ross, Robert; Pennycook, Gordon; McKay, Ryan; Gervais, Will; Langdon, Robyn; Coltheart, Max.

In: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 4, 24.06.2016, p. 300-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

E-pub ahead of print

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Analytic cognitive style, not delusional ideation, predicts data gathering in a large beads task study. / Ross, Robert; Pennycook, Gordon; McKay, Ryan; Gervais, Will; Langdon, Robyn; Coltheart, Max.

In: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 4, 24.06.2016, p. 300-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Ross, R, Pennycook, G, McKay, R, Gervais, W, Langdon, R & Coltheart, M 2016, 'Analytic cognitive style, not delusional ideation, predicts data gathering in a large beads task study', Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 300-314. https://doi.org/10.1080/13546805.2016.1192025

APA

Ross, R., Pennycook, G., McKay, R., Gervais, W., Langdon, R., & Coltheart, M. (2016). Analytic cognitive style, not delusional ideation, predicts data gathering in a large beads task study. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 21(4), 300-314. https://doi.org/10.1080/13546805.2016.1192025

Vancouver

Author

Ross, Robert ; Pennycook, Gordon ; McKay, Ryan ; Gervais, Will ; Langdon, Robyn ; Coltheart, Max. / Analytic cognitive style, not delusional ideation, predicts data gathering in a large beads task study. In: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. 2016 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 300-314.

BibTeX

@article{5353a523eb1c4d25a5a98c8c72febe8f,
title = "Analytic cognitive style, not delusional ideation, predicts data gathering in a large beads task study",
abstract = "Introduction: It has been proposed that deluded and delusion-prone individuals gather less evidence before forming beliefs than those who are not deluded or delusion-prone. The primary source of evidence for this “jumping to conclusions” (JTC) bias is provided by research that utilises the “beads task” data-gathering paradigm. However, the cognitive mechanisms subserving data gathering in this task are poorly understood.Methods: In the largest published beads task study to date (n = 558), we examined data gathering in the context of influential dual-process theories of reasoning.Results: Analytic cognitive style (the willingness or disposition to critically evaluate outputs from intuitive processing and engage in effortful analytic processing) predicted data gathering in a non-clinical sample, but delusional ideation did not.Conclusion: The relationship between data gathering and analytic cognitive style suggests that dual-process theories of reasoning can contribute to our understanding of the beads task. It is not clear why delusional ideation was not found to be associated with data gathering or analytic cognitive style.",
author = "Robert Ross and Gordon Pennycook and Ryan McKay and Will Gervais and Robyn Langdon and Max Coltheart",
year = "2016",
month = jun,
day = "24",
doi = "10.1080/13546805.2016.1192025",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "300--314",
journal = "Cognitive Neuropsychiatry",
issn = "1354-6805",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analytic cognitive style, not delusional ideation, predicts data gathering in a large beads task study

AU - Ross, Robert

AU - Pennycook, Gordon

AU - McKay, Ryan

AU - Gervais, Will

AU - Langdon, Robyn

AU - Coltheart, Max

PY - 2016/6/24

Y1 - 2016/6/24

N2 - Introduction: It has been proposed that deluded and delusion-prone individuals gather less evidence before forming beliefs than those who are not deluded or delusion-prone. The primary source of evidence for this “jumping to conclusions” (JTC) bias is provided by research that utilises the “beads task” data-gathering paradigm. However, the cognitive mechanisms subserving data gathering in this task are poorly understood.Methods: In the largest published beads task study to date (n = 558), we examined data gathering in the context of influential dual-process theories of reasoning.Results: Analytic cognitive style (the willingness or disposition to critically evaluate outputs from intuitive processing and engage in effortful analytic processing) predicted data gathering in a non-clinical sample, but delusional ideation did not.Conclusion: The relationship between data gathering and analytic cognitive style suggests that dual-process theories of reasoning can contribute to our understanding of the beads task. It is not clear why delusional ideation was not found to be associated with data gathering or analytic cognitive style.

AB - Introduction: It has been proposed that deluded and delusion-prone individuals gather less evidence before forming beliefs than those who are not deluded or delusion-prone. The primary source of evidence for this “jumping to conclusions” (JTC) bias is provided by research that utilises the “beads task” data-gathering paradigm. However, the cognitive mechanisms subserving data gathering in this task are poorly understood.Methods: In the largest published beads task study to date (n = 558), we examined data gathering in the context of influential dual-process theories of reasoning.Results: Analytic cognitive style (the willingness or disposition to critically evaluate outputs from intuitive processing and engage in effortful analytic processing) predicted data gathering in a non-clinical sample, but delusional ideation did not.Conclusion: The relationship between data gathering and analytic cognitive style suggests that dual-process theories of reasoning can contribute to our understanding of the beads task. It is not clear why delusional ideation was not found to be associated with data gathering or analytic cognitive style.

U2 - 10.1080/13546805.2016.1192025

DO - 10.1080/13546805.2016.1192025

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 300

EP - 314

JO - Cognitive Neuropsychiatry

JF - Cognitive Neuropsychiatry

SN - 1354-6805

IS - 4

ER -