A multi-proxy reconstruction from Lutomiersk-Koziówki, Central Poland, in the context of early modern hemp and flax processing. / P., Kittel,; B., Muzolf,; M., , Plóciennik,; Elias, Scott.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 50, 24.09.2014, p. 318-337.

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A multi-proxy reconstruction from Lutomiersk-Koziówki, Central Poland, in the context of early modern hemp and flax processing. / P., Kittel,; B., Muzolf,; M., , Plóciennik,; Elias, Scott.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 50, 24.09.2014, p. 318-337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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P., Kittel, ; B., Muzolf, ; M., , Plóciennik, ; Elias, Scott. / A multi-proxy reconstruction from Lutomiersk-Koziówki, Central Poland, in the context of early modern hemp and flax processing. In: Journal of Archaeological Science. 2014 ; Vol. 50. pp. 318-337.

BibTeX

@article{d0e35d6546e349b7b963819f206e3818,
title = "A multi-proxy reconstruction from Lutomiersk-Kozi{\'o}wki, Central Poland, in the context of early modern hemp and flax processing.",
abstract = "During an archaeological investigation at LutomierskeKoziowki in central Poland, deposits indicative of an old rettery from the 16the17th century AD were discovered. The artifacts found in the lacustrine deposits, together with historical sources and radiocarbon dates of organic matter, show that the pond ata local mill was present from ca. AD 1525 to at least AD 1620. The high content of Cannabis and Linum subfossil macro- and micro-remains in the sediment indicate that the pond was most probably used as a rettery for hemp and flax fibre production. Pollen analysis revealed strong deforestation of the locallandscape at the beginning of the pond history. Despite high pollution caused by plant retting, species-rich chironomid, cladoceran and diatom communities occupied the pond. Our investigations reveal that the rettery was situated on the artificial channel of a local stream. High abundance of yellow flatsedge (Cyperus flavescens) fruit remains and coprophile beetle subfossils indicate that pond was also used as a watering place for cattle. Decline in the concentration of aquatic invertebrate subfossils, diatoms, aquatic and cultivated plant macrofossils, reveals rapid abandonment of the rettery in the mid-17th century AD.For some time after the basin was a telmatic ecosystem overgrown by sedges and bulrush. The basin was finally filled by a high-energy overbank deposition not later than in the beginning of 19th century AD. ",
keywords = "Rettery, Environmental Archaeology, Cannabis, Liinum, Early Modern Period, Central Poland",
author = "Kittel, P. and Muzolf, B. and Pl{\'o}ciennik, M., and Scott Elias",
year = "2014",
month = sep,
day = "24",
doi = "http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.07.008",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "318--337",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
issn = "0305-4403",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A multi-proxy reconstruction from Lutomiersk-Koziówki, Central Poland, in the context of early modern hemp and flax processing.

AU - P., Kittel,

AU - B., Muzolf,

AU - M., , Plóciennik,

AU - Elias, Scott

PY - 2014/9/24

Y1 - 2014/9/24

N2 - During an archaeological investigation at LutomierskeKoziowki in central Poland, deposits indicative of an old rettery from the 16the17th century AD were discovered. The artifacts found in the lacustrine deposits, together with historical sources and radiocarbon dates of organic matter, show that the pond ata local mill was present from ca. AD 1525 to at least AD 1620. The high content of Cannabis and Linum subfossil macro- and micro-remains in the sediment indicate that the pond was most probably used as a rettery for hemp and flax fibre production. Pollen analysis revealed strong deforestation of the locallandscape at the beginning of the pond history. Despite high pollution caused by plant retting, species-rich chironomid, cladoceran and diatom communities occupied the pond. Our investigations reveal that the rettery was situated on the artificial channel of a local stream. High abundance of yellow flatsedge (Cyperus flavescens) fruit remains and coprophile beetle subfossils indicate that pond was also used as a watering place for cattle. Decline in the concentration of aquatic invertebrate subfossils, diatoms, aquatic and cultivated plant macrofossils, reveals rapid abandonment of the rettery in the mid-17th century AD.For some time after the basin was a telmatic ecosystem overgrown by sedges and bulrush. The basin was finally filled by a high-energy overbank deposition not later than in the beginning of 19th century AD.

AB - During an archaeological investigation at LutomierskeKoziowki in central Poland, deposits indicative of an old rettery from the 16the17th century AD were discovered. The artifacts found in the lacustrine deposits, together with historical sources and radiocarbon dates of organic matter, show that the pond ata local mill was present from ca. AD 1525 to at least AD 1620. The high content of Cannabis and Linum subfossil macro- and micro-remains in the sediment indicate that the pond was most probably used as a rettery for hemp and flax fibre production. Pollen analysis revealed strong deforestation of the locallandscape at the beginning of the pond history. Despite high pollution caused by plant retting, species-rich chironomid, cladoceran and diatom communities occupied the pond. Our investigations reveal that the rettery was situated on the artificial channel of a local stream. High abundance of yellow flatsedge (Cyperus flavescens) fruit remains and coprophile beetle subfossils indicate that pond was also used as a watering place for cattle. Decline in the concentration of aquatic invertebrate subfossils, diatoms, aquatic and cultivated plant macrofossils, reveals rapid abandonment of the rettery in the mid-17th century AD.For some time after the basin was a telmatic ecosystem overgrown by sedges and bulrush. The basin was finally filled by a high-energy overbank deposition not later than in the beginning of 19th century AD.

KW - Rettery, Environmental Archaeology, Cannabis, Liinum, Early Modern Period, Central Poland

U2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.07.008

DO - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.07.008

M3 - Article

VL - 50

SP - 318

EP - 337

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science

SN - 0305-4403

ER -