A horizon scan of future threats and opportunities for pollinators and pollination. / Brown, Mark; Dicks, Lynn V.; Paxton, Robert J.; Baldock, Katherine CR; Barron, Andrew B.; Chauzat, Marie-Pierre; Freitas, Breno M; Goulson, Dave; Jepsen, Sarina; Kremen, Claire; Li, Jilian; Neumann, Peter; Pattemore, David E; Potts, Simon G.; Schweiger, Oliver; Seymour, Colleen L; Stout, Jane Catherine.

In: PeerJ, Vol. 4, e2249, 09.08.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



  • Mark Brown
  • Lynn V. Dicks
  • Robert J. Paxton
  • Katherine CR Baldock
  • Andrew B. Barron
  • Marie-Pierre Chauzat
  • Breno M Freitas
  • Dave Goulson
  • Sarina Jepsen
  • Claire Kremen
  • Jilian Li
  • Peter Neumann
  • David E Pattemore
  • Simon G. Potts
  • Oliver Schweiger
  • Colleen L Seymour
  • Jane Catherine Stout


Pollinators, which provide the agriculturally and ecologically essential service of pollination, are under threat at a global scale. Habitat loss and homogenisation, pesticides, parasites and pathogens, invasive species, and climate change have been identified as past and current threats to pollinators. Actions to mitigate these threats, e.g., agri-environment schemes and pesticide-use moratoriums, exist, but have largely been applied post-hoc. However, future sustainability of pollinators and the service they provide requires anticipation of potential threats and opportunities before they occur, enabling timely implementation of policy and practice to prevent, rather than mitigate, further pollinator declines.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2249
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2016
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

ID: 26815161