A Central Limit Framework for Ring-LWE Decryption. / Murphy, Sean; Player, Rachel.


Research output: Working paper




The main contribution of this paper is to develop a statistical framework, based on a Central Limit argument, for analysing the noise in ciphertexts in homomorphic encryption schemes that are based on Ring-LWE. Such an approach is very general: apart from finite variance, no assumption on the distribution of the noise is required (in particular, the noise need not be subgaussian). We demonstrate that such a Central Limit approach can be used to obtain a high-quality approximation of the distribution of the noise in an appropriate decoding basis, even in dimension as small as n = 100. We apply our framework and results to a homomorphic Ring-LWE cryptosystem of Lyubashevsky, Peikert and Regev (Eurocrypt 2013, full version) in order to illustrate the benefit of this approach. We show that a Central Limit approach leads to tighter bounds for the probability of decryption failure than have been obtained in prior work.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusSubmitted - 2020
This open access research output is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

ID: 33787173