Mr Philip James

Supervised by

Research interests

Broadly, my research investigates the continued resonance of the idea of crusading from the Early Modern period through to the present day.


Doctoral Research:

My PhD research explores the survival of the crusading movement and its associated ideals and practices into the Early Modern period, with a particular focus upon the question of whether the Polish expedition to relieve the Ottoman Siege of Vienna in 1683 was envisaged and conducted as a crusade. 

Working from a wide range of sources, including the personal letters of King Jan III Sobieski, diaries of participants, papal nunciature reports and contemporary Polish histories of the expedition, many of which have been underutilised in Anglophone studies of the expedition, my project will provide a reassessment of the depth of engagement with crusading ideas and practices, both amongst the participants of the expedition itself, as well as those who remained behind in Poland.


Other Research:

I have also recently undertaken research on the ideology of the contemporary Caballeros Templarios (Knights Templar) Cartel, based in Michoacàn, Mexico, which has been accepted for publication as a chapter in a forthcoming volume by Routledge.


Talks and Conferences

'The Relief of Vienna, 1683: A Polish Crusade?', Leeds International Medieval Conference, University of Leeds (03/07/2017)

'"What's in a Name?": A Twenty-First Century Drug Cartel's Borrowed Identity as a Military Order', Engaging the Crusades: Reflected, Refracted, Invented, Institute of Historical Research, London (18/09/2015)

Personal profile

Scholarships and Awards

RHUL Matched Funded Scholarship with the Friendly Hand (2015-2018)

MA Crusader Studies Prize (2014)

Educational background

MA Crusader Studies, Royal Holloway, University of London (2013-2014)

BA Ancient & Medieval History, University of Birmingham (2006-2009)

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