Mr Joshua Sandin

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Project: Re-examining the Informal Financing of Small-Scale Mines in Africa: A Case Study of High- and Low-Value Minerals in Malawi

My doctoral research explores the opportunities and challenges of informal financial provision to small-scale mines in Africa. Informal finance is currently one of the only financial delivery methods able to overcome the financial constraints and assist in ASM sectoral development. The design of informal finance considers the nuances of the environments in which it is being implemented. Therefore, I am examining the characteristics and dynamics of existing artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) financial systems, including the financial considerations of formalisation and operational nuances of ASM. Crucially, I am looking to distil the experiences of historical, and current, successful financing arrangements that could be actively taken into account in the design of any future financial interventions.

Extractive Industries | Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining | Informality and Informal Finance | Microfinance | Entrepreneurship


Workshop Leader, MN5118 Business Economics

Workshop Leader, MN3365K Strategic Finance

Workshop Leader, MN2405 Managerial Accounting 

Tutor, Brilliant Club

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