Dr Daniele Colombaroli

Research interests

I am a biosphere paleoecologist studying the role of disturbances (human impact, fire, extreme events) on ecosystem structure and functions (biodiversity).

I'm interested in key biogeographical areas for future global changes (including Equatorial Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, and mountain regions in Europe and North America), and covering temporal scales from annual tree rings to the millennial scale of climate variability. The specific proxy data that I use are pollen, charcoal, sedimentological properties and stable isotopes from high-resolution paleoecological records.

My research projects have examined Fire in the Anthropocene (Colombaroli et al. 2008, Morales-Molino 2015), climate-vegetation disequilibria (Colombaroli et al. 2007, Tinner et al. 2013), the origin of "iconic" cultural landscapes (Colombaroli et al. 2013 Colombaroli and Tinner 2013), quantitative fire reconstructions (Colombaroli and Gavin 2010, Colombaroli et al. 2010), and are oriented towards the applications of long-term ecological records in biodiversity conservation and forest management (e.g. Morales-Molino 2017, Conedera et al. 2017, Whitlock et al. 2018).

Tropics will be key areas in a "warmer world", therefore my research in the last years mainly focused on savanna dynamic (Colombaroli et al., 2013, 2017) and on tropical dendroecology and dendroclimatology (Colombaroli et al., 2016). I am involved in the BELSPO project “Genetic and paleoecological signatures of African rainforest dynamics”, and in the ICDP project “DeepCHALLA”. I am also member of the Steering Committee of the Global Paleofire Working Group, building a paleofire scientific community to reconstruct biomass burning history around the world.

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