Wide-Area Monitoring of Power Systems Using Principal Component Analysis and k-Nearest Neighbor Analysis

Lianfang Cai, Nina Thornhill, Stefanie Kuenzel, Bikash Pal

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Wide-area monitoring of power systems is important for system security and stability. It involves the detection and localization of power system disturbances. However, the oscillatory trends and noise in electrical measurements often mask disturbances, making wide-area monitoring a challenging task. This paper presents a wide-area monitoring method to detect and locate power system disturbances by combining multivariate analysis known as Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and time series analysis known as k-Nearest Neighbor (kNN) analysis. Ad-vantages of this method are that it can not only analyze a large number of wide-area variables in real time but also can reduce the masking effect of the oscillatory trends and noise on disturbances. Case studies conducted on data from a four-variable numerical model and the New England power system model demonstrate the effectiveness of this method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4913-4923
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number5
Early online date30 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018


  • Wide-area monitoring
  • real time
  • principal component analysis
  • k-nearest neighbor
  • localization
  • detection
  • stability
  • security
  • power system disturbances
  • electrical measurements

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