Union inclusiveness and temporary agency workers: The role of power resources and union ideology

Chiara Benassi, Tim Vlandas

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This article investigates the determinants of union inclusiveness towards agency workers in Western Europe, using an index which combines unionization rates with dimensions of collective agreements covering agency workers. Using fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis, we identify two combinations of conditions leading to inclusiveness: the ‘Northern path’ includes high union density, high bargaining coverage and high union authority, and is consistent with the power resources approach. The ‘Southern path’ combines high union authority, high bargaining coverage and working-class orientation, showing that ideology rather than institutional incentives shapes union strategies towards the marginal workforce.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-22
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Journal of Industrial Relations
Issue number1
Early online date16 Jun 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • union strategies, ideology, identity, dualization, agency workers, Italy, Southern Europe, Ghent

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