Ultralow-Dissipation Superfluid Micromechanical Resonator

Fabien Souris, Xavier Rojas, Paul H. Kim, John P. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

241 Downloads (Pure)


Micro- and nanomechanical resonators with ultralow dissipation have great potential as useful quantum resources. The superfluid micromechanical resonators presented here possess several advantageous characteristics: straightforward thermalization, dissipationless flow, and in situ tunability. We identify and quantitatively model the various dissipation mechanisms in two resonators, one fabricated from borosilicate glass and one from single-crystal quartz. As the resonators are cryogenically cooled into the superfluid state, the damping from thermal effects and from the normal-fluid component are strongly suppressed. At our lowest temperatures, damping is limited solely by internal dissipation in the substrate materials, and the resonators reach quality factors of up to 913 000 at 13 mK. By lifting this limitation through substrate-material choice and resonator design, modeling suggests that the resonators could reach quality factors as high as 108 at 100 mK, putting this architecture in an ideal position to harness mechanical quantum effects and to facilitate the study of superfluids in confined geometries.
Original languageEnglish
Article number044008
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2017


  • superfluid
  • nanomechanics

Cite this