Tuning of Magnetic Activity in Spin-Filter Josephson Junctions Towards Spin-Triplet Transport

Roberta Caruso, D. Massarotti, G. Campagnano, A. Pal, H. G. Ahmad, P. Lucignano, Matthias Eschrig, Mark G. Blamire, F. Tafuri

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The study of superconductor/ferromagnet interfaces has generated a great interest in the last decades, leading to the observation of long-range spin triplet supercurrent and 0 − π transitions in Josephson junctions where two superconductors are separated by an itinerant ferromagnet. Recently, spin-filter Josephson junctions with ferromagnetic barriers have shown unique transport properties, when compared to standard metallic ferromagnetic junctions, due to the intrinsically non-dissipative nature of the tunneling process. Here we present the first extensive characterization of spin polarized Josephson junctions down to 0.3 K, and the first evidence of an incomplete 0−π transition in highly spin polarized tunnel ferromagnetic junctions. Experimental data are consistent with a progressive enhancement of the magnetic activity with the increase of the barrier thickness, as neatly captured by the simplest theoretical approach including a non uniform exchange field. For very long junctions, unconventional magnetic activity of the barrier points to the presence of spin-triplet correlations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number047002
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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