Towards a Unified Conceptual Model for Surveillance Theories

Balbir Singh Barn, Ravinder Barn

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

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The erosion of values such as privacy can be a critical factor in preventing the acceptance of new innovative technology especially in challenging environments such as the criminal justice system. Erosion of privacy happens through either deliberate or inadvertent surveillance. Since Bentham’s original liberal project in the 1900s, a literature and a whole study area around theories of surveillance has developed. Increasingly this general body of work has focussed on the role of information technology as a vehicle for surveillance activity. Despite an abundance of knowledge, a uni ed view of key surveillance concepts that is useful to designers of information systems in preventing or reducing unintended surveillance remains elusive. This paper contributes a conceptual model that synthesises the gamut of surveillance theories as a rst step to a theory building e ort for use by Information Systems professionals. The model is evaluated using a design science research paradigm using data from both examples of surveillance and a recently completed research project that developed technology for the UK youth justice system.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Surveillance, Conceptual Model, Reference Model, Privacy

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