Theory of a weak-link superconductor-ferromagnet Josephson structure

Jan Gelhausen, Matthias Eschrig

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We propose a model for the theoretical description of a weak-link Josephson junction, in which the weak link is spin-polarized due to proximity to a ferromagnetic metal (S-(F|S)-S). Employing Usadel transport theory appropriate for diffusive systems, we show that the weak link is described within the framework of Andreev circuit theory by an effective self-energy resulting from the implementation of spin-dependent boundary conditions. This leads to a considerable simplification of the model, and allows for an efficient numerical treatment. As an application of our model, we show numerical calculations of important physical observables such as the local density of states, proximity-induced minigaps, spin-magnetization, and the phase and temperature-dependence of Josephson currents of the S-(F|S)-S system. We discuss multi-valued current-phase relationships at low temperatures as well as their crossover to sinusoidal form at high temperatures. Additionally, we numerically treat (S-F-S) systems that exhibit a magnetic domain wall in the F region and calculate the temperature- dependence of the critical currents.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104502
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sept 2016

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