The Routledge Handbook to Music under German Occupation, 1938-1945. Propaganda, Myth and Reality

Erik Levi, David Fanning

Research output: Book/ReportBook


Following their entry into Austria and the Sudetenland in the late 1930s, the Germans attempted to impose a policy of cultural imperialism on the countries they went on to occupy during World War II. Almost all music institutions in the occupied lands came under direct German control or were subject to severe scrutiny and censorship, the prime objective being to change the musical fabric of these nations and force them to submit to the strictures of Nazi ideology.
This pioneering collection of essays is the first in the English language to look in more detail at the musical consequences of German occupation during a dark period in European history. It embraces a wide range of issues, presenting case studies involving musical activity in a number of occupied European cities, as well as in countries that were part of the Axis or had established close diplomatic relations with Germany. The wartime careers and creative outputs of individual musicians who were faced with the dilemma of either complying with or resisting the impositions of the occupiers are explored. In addition, there is some reflection on the post-war implications of German occupation for the musical environment in Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAbingdon
PublisherRoutledge Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages550
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-315-23061-0
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-71388-8
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2020


  • music
  • Nazi Germany
  • World War II

Cite this