The Mobilization Process of Syria's Activists: The Symbiotic Relationship Between the Use of Information and Communication Technologies and the Political Culture

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Using extensive interviews of Syrian activists and tracing the course of initially peaceful protests, this article explores the mobilization tactics protesters adopted over four distinct phases of Syrian protests up to August 2011. Analysis reveals that in establishing trustful relations and a sense of effectiveness and belonging among the protesters, interpersonal communication was more effective and faster than the hybrid media activities of Facebook administrators. Nevertheless, the uprising’s later stages show that the more protesters became accustomed to protest culture, the more they benefited from ICTs. Many scholars studying ICTs’ role in the protests have advanced the idea that people’s use of the technology—not the technology itself—affected social processes. This study takes this argument a step further to claim that people’s use of technology constitutes a dependent variable linked to the country’s political culture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2507-2525
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Communication
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • ICTs, social media, protests, political culture, Syria, collective action

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