Systems Thinking to Improve E-Government Evaluation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Downloads (Pure)


Worldwide there is increasing interest in both academic and government sectors to evaluate the different impacts of electronic government (e-government) systems. A number of predictive, cause-effect, linearly and functionally oriented models of evaluation have been proposed and applied. The focus of these models is to identify and quantify costs and benefits derived from successful e-government systems implementation and adoption. However the inclusion of different stakeholders in e-government evaluation remains marginal and limited to input information for the above models. This paper criticises existing evaluation models in two particular aspects: 1) the uncritical identification and quantification of different evaluation elements (aspects, costs, benefits or impacts, people to be involved in evaluation); and 2) the lack of reflection in relation to how evaluation information is used in managerial decision making. Criticisms regarding these aspects are drawn with the help of systems thinking, a body of knowledge which includes theories, ideas and methodologies for complex problem solving and whose use could enable critical surface and review of evaluation stakeholders’ concerns about e-government. Strategies to make e-government evaluation practice more inclusive and critical in relation to stakeholders’ concerns in their evaluation context are proposed and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)1-15
JournalInternational Journal of Public Administration in the Digital Age (IJPADA)
Issue number4
Early online date1 Jun 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015


  • systems thinking
  • e-government
  • evaluation
  • inclusion
  • stakeholders

Cite this