Pro-Social Goals in Achievement Situations: Amity Goal Orientation Enhances the Positive Effects of Mastery Goal Orientation

Liat Levontin, Anat Bardi

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Research has neglected the utility of pro-social goals within achievement situations. In this article, four studies demonstrate that amity goal orientation, promoting mutual success of oneself together with others, enhances the utility of mastery goal orientation. We demonstrate this in longitudinally predicting performance (Studies 1 and 2) and in maintaining motivation after a disappointing performance (Studies 3 and 4). The studies demonstrate the same interaction effect in academic and in work achievement contexts. Specifically, whereas amity goal orientation did not predict achievement on its own, it enhanced the positive effect of mastery goal orientation. Together, these studies establish the importance of amity goal orientation while also advancing our understanding of the effects of other achievement goal orientations. We suggest future directions in examining the utility of amity goals in other contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1258-1269
Number of pages12
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number8
Early online date11 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • achievement goal orientations
  • amity goal orientation
  • academic achievement
  • work performance
  • Motivation

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