Positive Obligations and Gender-based Violence: Judicial Developments

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International human rights protection traditionally protects individuals from human rights violations committed by their own states. This has been critised by many, and feminists in particular, as failing those who are violated in the 'private sphere', by actions perpretrated by non-state actors not the state itself. Yet these are now increasingly falling within the ambit of this area of law through positive obligations and due diligence. Developments in this area are analysed with focus on recent decisions of international human rights judicial institutions on cases concerning gender-based violence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-169
JournalInternational Community Law Review
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • gender
  • violence
  • human rights
  • international law positive obligations

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