Plethysms of symmetric functions and highest weight representations

Melanie de Boeck, Rowena Paget, Mark Wildon

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Let $s_\nu \circ s_\mu$ denote the plethystic product of the Schur functions $s_\nu$ and $s_\mu$. In this article we define an explicit polynomial representation corresponding to $s_\nu \circ s_\mu$ with basis indexed by certain `plethystic' semistandard tableaux. Using these representations we prove generalizations of four results on plethysms due to Bruns--Conca--Varbaro, Brion, Ikenmeyer and the authors. In particular, we give a sufficient condition for the multiplicity $\langle s_\nu \circ s_\mu, s_\lambda\rangle$ to be stable under insertion of new parts into $\mu$ and $\lambda$. We also characterize all maximal and minimal partitions $\lambda$ in the dominance order such that $s_\lambda$ appears in $s_\nu \circ s_\mu$ and determine the corresponding multiplicities using plethystic semistandard tableaux.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages34
JournalTransactions of the American Mathematical Society
Early online date23 Aug 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Aug 2021

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