This paper discusses the legal capacity and motivations of female manumittors in Hellenistic Delphi, and the penal authority bestowed on female beneficiaries appointed in paramone clauses. These suggest that women enjoyed similar penal authority to that of male beneficiaries, depending on the stipulations in each contract. Manumissions appointing female beneficiaries of paramone may reflect the need to reduce the risk of claims asserted by heir or creditors of the beneficiary’s male kin, whom it would often have been difficult for a woman to fend off through the courts.
|Name||Akten der Gesellschaft für griechische und hellenistische Rechtsgeschiche|
|Publisher||Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften|
- paramone, penalty clauses, corporal punishment, contracts, women’s legal capacity