Pakistan's 1951 Census: State-Building in Post-Partition Sindh

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This article explores the carrying out of Pakistan’s first (1951) census from the perspective of contemporary developments in the southern province of Sindh. Conducted against the backdrop of Partition-related migration to and from the province, this attempt at population enumeration proved to be a mammoth bureaucratic undertaking on the part of the recently-created Pakistani state. The challenges that this exercise posed at the provincial level shed light on processes of attempted nation-building, as well as the centrality of population counting to the biopolitical management of citizenship, during a key period of transition in mid-twentieth century Sindh.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)820-840
Number of pages21
JournalSouth Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies
Issue number4
Early online date13 Sept 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Sept 2016


  • Sindh; 1951 Census; citizenship; nation-building; state-building; Pakistan

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