Intermediation and Price Volatility

Thomas Gehrig, Klaus Ritzberger

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This paper analyses the role of intermediaries in providing immediacy in fast markets. Fast markets are modelled as contests with the possibility of multiple winners where the probability of casting the best quote depends on prior technology investments. Depending on the market design, equilibrium pricing by intermediaries involves a trade-off, between monopolistic price distortion and excess volatility. Since equilibrium at the pricing stage generates an externality, investments into faster trading technologies are necessarily asymmetric in equilibrium, akin to markets with vertical product dierentiation. Further, equilibrium is not necessarily effcient, since it is possible that a high-cost intermediary ends up investing excessively and thus trades more frequently than low-cost rivals.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105442
Number of pages38
JournalJournal of Economic Theory
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • high-frequency trading, intermediation, market design, price volatility

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