Influence of Triaenophorus nodulosus plerocercoids (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea) on the occurrence of intestinal helminths in the perch (Perca fluviatilis)

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Concurrent infections of helminths in vertebrates are widespread and may demonstrate synergistic, antagonistic or negligible levels of interactions between species that share a common site. However, indirect interactions between species that occur in different organs of a host are poorly documented, particularly in fish. Plerocercoids of Triaenophorus nodulosus are common liver infections of European perch (Perca fluviatilis). These larval cestodes cause extensive liver damage, resulting in systemic pathologies that include alteration of the physiochemical environment of the intestine. Perch harbour a wide range of intestinal helminths whose occurrence may be potentially influenced by the concurrent presence of T. nodulosus plerocercoids. The present study, using an existing dataset, investigated the effects of T. nodulosus on the infection levels of four common perch helminths – Acanthocephalus lucii, Camallanus lacustris, Proteocephalus percae and Bunodera luciopercae. The prevalences of A. lucii and C. lacustris were significantly reduced in fish infected by T. nodulosus, although the mean intensity of infections remained unaffected for any helminth species, while the mean abundance of C. lacustris was significantly reduced in plerocercoid-affected perch. Differences in site selection and individual interactions between the four helminth species in the intestine of T. nodulosus-infected and non-infected perch were rarely observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-717
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Helminthology
Issue number6
Early online date10 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

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