Enhancing Magnetic Ordering in Cr-doped Bi2Se3 using High-TC Ferrimagnetic Insulator

Wenqing Liu, Liang He, koichi Murata, Mehmet C. Onbasli, Murong Lang, nick Maltby, Shunpu li, Xuefeng Wang, Caroline Ross, Peter bencok, Gerrit van der Laan, Rong Zhang, Kang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review


We report a study of enhancing the magnetic ordering in a model magnetically doped topological insulator (TI), Bi2–xCrxSe3, via the proximity effect using a high-TC ferrimagnetic insulator Y3Fe5O12. The FMI provides the TI with a source of exchange interaction yet without removing the nontrivial surface state. By performing the elemental specific X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements, we have unequivocally observed an enhanced TC of 50 K in this magnetically doped TI/FMI heterostructure. We have also found a larger (6.6 nm at 30 K) but faster decreasing (by 80% from 30 to 50 K) penetration depth compared to that of diluted ferromagnetic semiconductors (DMSs), which could indicate a novel mechanism for the interaction between FMIs and the nontrivial TIs surface.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)764–769
Number of pages6
JournalNano Letters
Issue number1
Early online date22 Dec 2014
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2015

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