Emotions, Traits and Negative Beliefs as Possible Mediators in the Relationship between Childhood Experiences of being Bullied and Paranoid Thinking in a Non-Clinical Sample

Catherine Ashcroft, Christian Daniel Ashcroft, Nick Maguire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper describes a study investigating whether negative beliefs, traits or emotions mediate the relationship between an adverse early life experience, being a victim of bullying, and psychotic like phenomena, paranoid thinking, in a non-clinical population. A cross-sectional research design was utilised with 135 undergraduate students completing self-report questionnaires. The results revealed that
negative beliefs about self and depression significantly mediated the relationship between indirect aggression and paranoid thinking, whereas negative beliefs about others mediated the relationship between direct verbal aggression and paranoid thinking. These findings suggest that negative beliefs
and depression are the mediators of the relationship between bullying and paranoid thinking thus further contributing to the understanding of the association between adverse early life experiences and paranoid
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-638
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychopathology
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2012


  • childhood bullying
  • paranoid thinking
  • mediators
  • negative beliefs
  • emotions

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