Developing the Vocal Tract Organ

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The human voice has essentially always played a part in music making; indeed, larger pipe organs have incorporated a Vox Humana stop for many years. Work on improving the naturalness of vocal synthesis using articulatory knowledge requires magnetic resonance imaging of natural vocal tract shapes and this has enabled 3-D printed models to be made. These can be stimulated with a quasi-larynx excitation signal and the possibility of a Vocal Tract Organ has emerged. This research report describes the current state of technical development of the Vocal Tract Organ and how it has been and could be used musically.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJournal of Creative Music Systems
EditorsValerio Velardo, Steven Jan, Eduardo Miranda
PublisherUniversity of Huddersfield Press
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2016


  • voice
  • singing synthesis
  • vox humana
  • organ

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