Design of Internet of Things (IoT) & Android based Low Cost Health Monitoring Embedded System Wearable Sensor for Measuring SpO2, Heart Rate and Body Temperature Simultaneously

Mian Ali, Shyqyri Haxha, Munna Mahbubul Alam, Chike Nwibor, Mohamed Sakel

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In this paper, an implementation of afordable medical technology health monitoring sensor system is developed and demonstrated to measure blood saturation levels (SpO2), heart rate and body temperature simultaneously. The embedded system is based on Arduino platform due to reliability and plug and play capability. The proposed pulse oximetry sensor uses spectrophotometry to calculate the ratio of oxygenated hemoglobin to deoxygenated hemoglobin which then is used to calculate the percentage of oxygenated blood levels. The accuracy of pulse oximeter is enhanced using light emitting diodes driver circuits, sample and hold circuits thus that a variable baseline can be established for diferent skin tones including the fnger width where the measurements are undertaken. The embedded sensor system is designed to monitor SpO2, heart rate and body temperature and display the obtained results on an LCD. The measured vitals are also transmitted via Bluetooth module to Android mobile, and using Wi-Fi module to the internet, forming internet of things platform for the designed embedded system of sensors. The low cost embedded sensor system reported in this study can be used to monitor key health parameters of patients in hospitals or at home. The proposed afordable medical technology sensor system can be used as wearable wireless sensor which can be used as a plug and play sensor with Arduino to monitor human key health parameters. The measured health parameters are compared with commercially available ChoiceMMed pulse oximeter and a maximum deviation of 2% is observed which demonstrates that the proposed sensor device is highly accurate.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalWireless Personal Communications
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Dec 2019

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