Data Protection, Profiling and Anti-Fraud Systems: A Comparative State Practice Report

Steven van Dalen, Alexander Gilder, Eric Hooydonk, Marc Ponsen

Research output: Other contribution


This memorandum focuses on the jurisdictions of the United Kingdom (UK), Germany and the United States (US) to provide contrasting examples of data protection principles and of anti-fraud systems similar to SyRI.
Systems with similar or resembling objectives as SyRI, namely the prevention of social welfare fraud or medical fraud, were analysed with regard to the UK and the US. Both jurisdictions’ national justifications for use of the systems were always the combatting and prevention of fraud and meeting the public demand to prevent crime and misuse of public goods. This is identical to the justifications for the use of SyRI in the Netherlands. Within the parameters of the research, no system in Germany was found which shares data between governmental institutions with the purpose of the prevention of fraud. The legal framework regarding data protection is however quite extensive and has been analysed in order to provide for a comparison to some of the principles governing SyRI.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherPublic Interest Litigation Project, Nederlands Juristen Comité voor de Mensenrechten
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2016

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