Caledonian and Pre-Caledonian orogenic events in Shetland, Scotland: evidence from garnet Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd geochronology

Steph Walker, Anna Bird, Matthew Thirlwall, Rob Strachan

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Garnet Lu-Hf and Sm-Nd ages from the Shetland Caledonides provide evidence of a polyorogenic history as follows: 1) c. 1050 Ma Grenvillian reworking of Neoarchaean basement; 2) c. 910 Ma Renlandian metamorphism of the Westing Group; 3) c. 622-606 Ma metamorphism of the Walls Metamorphic Series but of uncertain significance because the eastern margin of Laurentia is thought to have been in extension at that time; 4) Grampian I ophiolite obduction at c. 491 Ma followed by crustal thickening and metamorphism between c. 485 and c. 466 Ma; 5) Grampian II metamorphism between c. 458 and c. 442 Ma that appears to have been focused in areas where pre-existing foliations were gently-inclined and thus may have been relatively easily reworked; 6) Scandian metamorphism at c. 430 Ma, although the paucity of these ages suggests that much of Shetland did not attain temperatures for garnet growth. There is no significant difference in the timing of Caledonian orogenic events either side of the Walls Boundary Fault, although this need not preclude linkage with the Great Glen Fault. However, the incompatibility of Ediacaran events either side of the Walls
Boundary Fault may indicate significant lateral displacement and requires further
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeological Society of London Special Publication
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2020

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