Bringing the Global to the Local: the challenges of multi-level governance for global policy implementation in Africa

Sylvia Croese, Michael Oloko, David Simon, Sandra Valencia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The New Urban Agenda (NUA) and Agenda 2030’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recognise the key role of ‘sub-national entities’, including cities, in achieving sustainable development. However, since these global policy agendas were agreed and signed by national governments, implementing them at the local level requires a process of localisation to fit local realities. This paper analyses the national guidance (or lack of) and the resultant collaborations emerging between various levels of government in the implementation of these agendas in African cities, namely Kisumu, Kenya and Cape Town, South Africa. It argues that effective implementation of the SDGs requires a strong framework for multi-stakeholder engagement and coordination at all levels of governance, which is possible if both top-down and bottom-up approaches are used concurrently and harmonised.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Urban Sustainable Development
Early online date12 Aug 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Aug 2021


  • New Urban Agenda
  • Sustainable Development Goals
  • localisation
  • multi-level governance
  • Africa
  • South Africa
  • Kenya

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