Barriers to living donor kidney transplantation in the United Kingdom: a national observational study

Diana Wu, Matthew L Robb, Christopher JE Watson, John LR Forsythe, Charles RV Tomson, John Cairns, Paul Roderick, Rachel J Johnson, Rommel Ravanan, Damian Fogarty, Clare Bradley, Andrea Gibbons, Wendy Metcalfe, Heather Draper, J Andrew Bradley, Gabriel C Oniscu

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Background. Living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) provides more timely access to transplantation and better clinical outcomes than deceased donor kidney transplantation (DDKT). This study investigated disparities in the utilization of LDKT in the UK.Methods. A total of 2055 adults undergoing kidney transplantation between November 2011 and March 2013 were prospectively recruited from all 23 UK transplant centres as part of the Access to Transplantation and Transplant Outcome Measures (ATTOM) study. Recipient variables independently associated with receipt of LDKT versus DDKT were identified.Results. Of the 2055 patients, 807 (39.3%) received LDKT and 1248 (60.7%) received DDKT. Multivariable modelling demonstrated a significant reduction in the likelihood of LDKT for older age {odds ratio [OR] 0.11 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.08–0.17], P < 0.0001 for 65–75 years versus 18–34 years}; Asian ethnicity [OR 0.55 (95% CI 0.39–0.77), P = 0.0006 versus White]; Black ethnicity [OR 0.64 (95% CI 0.42–0.99), P = 0.047 versus White]; divorced, separated or widowed [OR 0.63 (95% CI 0.46–0.88), P = 0.030 versus married]; no qualifications [OR 0.55 (95% CI 0.42–0.74), P < 0.0001 versus higher education qualifications]; no car ownership [OR 0.51 (95% CI 0.37–0.72), P = 0.0001] and no home ownership [OR 0.65 (95% CI 0.85–0.79), P = 0.002]. The odds of LDKT varied significantly between countries in the UK.Conclusions. Among patients undergoing kidney transplantation in the UK, there are significant age, ethnic, socio-economic and geographic disparities in the utilization of LDKT. Further work is needed to explore the potential for targeted interventions to improve equity in living donor transplantation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)890–900
Number of pages11
JournalNephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Issue number5
Early online date31 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

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